Can I blindly believe in the USA?
Sura 2 verses 6-7Fate or why some are Muslim and others are not
"Those who disbelieve do not care whether you warn them or not. They do not believe either way. God has sealed their hearts and hearing, and their vision is veiled. One day they will face a tremendous punishment."
In this verse, God turns to Muhammad and comforts him because some people reject his message and do not become Muslims. He shouldn't grieve or blame himself for doing something wrong. Those people who, as it is said here, "do not believe", acted because they could not do otherwise. God himself made them deaf and blind to the message of Islam.
The Koran series is explained as a multimedia presentation
Muslim theologians have been arguing for more than 1,300 years why this is so. Fachr al-Dîn al-Râzî, a philosopher and influential Quran commentator from the 12th century, writes that this verse addresses an important theological problem: Do people have free will and can choose whether to accept Islam or is theirs Doing God Predestined? So does God determine whether a person becomes a Muslim or not?
Prof. Dr. Frank Griffel has done extensive research on the subject of apostasy in Islam. (private) At the beginning of Muslim theology, a group - the Mu’tazilites - claimed that people acted freely and decided for themselves whether they would become Muslims. These theologians viewed the sealing of hearts as a punishment for those who choose against Islam. God reward people, they said, who accept Islam, and punish those who consciously reject this religion with a cold, sealed heart and with blindness to the message of Islam.
Al-Razî rightly points out that this is a somewhat forced reading of the verse. The verse says that those who reject Islam do so "because" they have a sealed heart. So God emphasizes here very clearly, al-Razi explains, that he seals hearts "before" they can decide in favor of Islam.
God thus turns some people into Muslims and causes others to reject Islam. This is the Sunni doctrine of divine fore-ordinates. Non-Muslims sometimes make fun of it with the term "kismet" - derived from the Turkish word for "lot" or "fate".
In his commentary on the Koran, al-Razî makes a scientific and philosophical statement for him. When we choose things in our life, we only believe that those choices are free. In reality, they are determined by our motivations, what we know, what we hope, and what we imagine. These states of consciousness are causes for our actions.
But our states of consciousness are themselves the effect of other causes. For example, they follow our upbringing, our schooling, or perhaps the books we read and the films we have seen.
These books, films, and education are themselves effects of other causes. And so it goes on until all causal chains end in a single cause. That cause is God.
God now uses those other effects such as books, films, education as a means to make some people Muslims and others not.
Now one does not believe, al-Razî notes, that all of this is accidental and that God thinks nothing of it. Sunni theologians say that every single wingbeat of a mosquito is thought out and predetermined. Not directly predetermined, made concrete by al-Razi, but brought about by the causal causes that trigger this wing beat.
According to Sunni belief, every event in this world, now or in the future, is predetermined by God's will. That is why the Koran recommends elsewhere that the believers, when they talk about their future deeds, do not simply say: "I will do it", but always add the words: "God willing" - Arabic: "in sha 'allâh ".
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