Is Qurbani Fard or Sunnah
The Takbirāt at ʿĪd al-Aḍḥa / Kurban Bayram
Allaah, the Most High, commands in the Qurʾān: "Remember Allaah on the appointed days." the day before ʿĪd / Bayram) - 13th Ḏu al-ḥiǧǧah [including afternoon prayer (ʿasr)].
There are many Aḥādīṯ in this regard, as the great anafīt Ḥadīṯ expert [and teacher of Ibn Ḥaǧar al-ʿAsqalānī], Ǧamāl al-Dīn al-Zaylaʿī mentioned in his Naṣb al-Rāyah (2 / 266-269). This was established by Iǧmāʿ / consensus of the Companions of the Beloved of Allah, the Prophet ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam (Ibn Qudāmah, al-Muġnī, 2/126, # 1431).
The verdict in Fiqh:
"It is compulsory (wāǧib) for every Muslim (man or woman, whether praying in the community or not) to say the following takbir (the proclamation of the greatness of Allah) immediately after every compulsory prayer (farḍ)."
"From the early prayer of the 9th Ḏu al-ḥiǧǧah, the day of ʿArafat, to the afternoon prayer (ʿasr) of the 13th Ḏu al-ḥiǧǧah, including the afternoon prayer."
Thus, after 23 prayers, takbeer will be spoken for 5 days.
"Allāhu akbar, allāhu akbar, lā ilāha illa ʾllāhu, wallāhu akbar, allāhu akbar wa lillāhil ḥamd."
The judgments in this regard:
It is Wāǧib to speak this takbīr only once. If you speak it, it is good. (Haskafī, Durr; ʿAynī)
The above view that it is Wāǧib for the 23 prayers, whether in the community or not, for every Muslim is the view of the students Abū Ḥanīfah, Abū Yūsuf and Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥasan al-Shaybānī, and this is the view according to which is acted and according to which the fatwa is given, because of its strong evidence and inherited practice, and because it is more cautious. (Durr and Ibn ʿĀbidīn, Radd al-Muḥtar; Fatāwā al-Hindīy, al-Zāhidī)
Abu anīfah's view that it only lasts 8 prayers is also proven and follows the practice of some great Companions such as Ibn Masʿūd and was also taken as their view by some great Ḥanafī imams, even if it was the minority, such as Ibn al- Humām writes in his Fatḥ al-Qādir.
It is not wrong (rather recommended) to also do it after the feast day prayer, because Muslims have done this generation after generation, so it is right to follow their inherited deeds (for it has been accepted from generations after generations of scholars.) ( Durr and Radd al-Muḥtar)
The community must do it, even if the imam neglects it. (Durr)
Latecomers (who missed a rakaʿa of community prayer) must do so too, but only after completing their own prayer.
It is a duty of the community to say this out loud. (Quoting Ibn ʿĀbidīn, Radd al-Muḥtar, Quhustānī.)
It is necessary to say the takbirāt right after the salām. If someone speaks afterwards, loses his ablution, or does other things alien to prayer, one has left out a wāǧib. (al-Fatāwā al-Hindīya, Durr).
And Allah alone gives success.
wa alaykum salam,
Sheikh Faraz Rabbani.
Translated by Muhammed F. Bayraktar.
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