Germany governs Europe financially

24 x Germany

Whether the European Parliament, the European Commission or the Council of the EU: "Brussels Politics" plays an important role in laws and legal acts. Germany and the other member states are involved in their creation.

Germany in the EU: Examples of participation in legal acts of the EU license: cc by-nc-nd / 3.0 / de /

The Federal Republic of Germany is a member of a large number of international organizations and a party to a number of agreements. Perhaps the most important foreign policy engagement of the Federal Republic takes place within the framework of a very special organization: the European Union (EU).

It is a "sui generis" institution, that is to say, of its very own kind and without a historical model. The Federal Republic of Germany was one of the six Founding members of the EU. Together with Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, she founded the European Coal and Steel Community in 1951, from which the European Community and the European Union later developed. The EU now has 27 member states.

In the EU, the member states have a number of originally national ones Decision-making powers voluntarily transferred to this organization and its bodies. In a growing number of policy areas, more and more decisions are being made at the level of the European Union. Directives, ordinances and decisions of EU organs are often directly applicable law in the Federal Republic or are implemented into national law by the parliaments at state and federal level. To make this possible, Article 23 of the Basic Law (GG) was changed in 1992 so that a transfer of sovereign rights is possible with the consent of the Bundestag and Bundesrat. In order to coordinate and guarantee that the citizens and their elected representatives are not ignored, the Bundestag has set up a European Committee, for example, which is responsible for these issues. In addition to members of the Bundestag, it also includes German members of the European Parliament.

The rule is that no decision that significantly affects the lives of the citizens of a member state is made without the participation of the member states themselves. The Federal Republic has a strong representation in the various EU bodies. The Federal Republic has 29 votes in the Council of the European Union, in which the specialist ministers of the member states advise. This means that the Federal Republic, together with the largest neighboring countries, has the relatively highest share of the votes in the Council. Together with the European Parliament, the latter is decisively involved in the legislative process in the EU.

With 99 out of a total of 754 (as of 2013), Germany is currently sending the highest number of EU parliamentarians to the European Parliament. As a result of the ratification of the Lisbon Treaty, the number of German MEPs will be reduced to 96 in the next election to the European Parliament in 2014. Furthermore, it is guaranteed that the citizens of the most populous country in the EU also enjoy a high degree of co-determination - either through directly elected representatives or through the representatives of the Bundestag and the federal government. Since many of the EU decisions take effect at local and state level, the Federal Council is also heavily involved in the transfer of EU law.

There are next to proponents of the European integration also critics. Some fear, for example, that participating in a common internal market could endanger jobs in Germany. Proponents, on the other hand, point to the opportunities that they believe lie in the customs union, the internal market, the common currency and a unified employment policy. They also refer to the possibilities that a common foreign and security policy and police and judicial cooperation can mean for the security of all Union citizens.

external links

  • European Union website: http://europa.eu
  • European Parliament website - Information Office for Germany: www.europarl.de
  • European Parliament website: www.europarl.europa.eu
  • European Commission website: http://ec.europa.eu/index_de.htm