What does oy gevalt mean?

Comparison: "Oje" versus "Oh weh" versus "Oy vey" in German / Yiddish?


“What is the greatest enemy of man? The sin. But what is sin? The alienation from the truth. But what is the truth? Love. ”With this quote, David Kiser points out that one of the worst things that can happen to a person in his life is alienation from a loved one, no longer knowing what love actually means. Heinrich Heine also draws attention in his poem “They sat and drank at the tea table”, which can be assigned to the poetry of experiences of the romantic-early realistic literature of the 19th century. He wants to use his poem, which is about a fine tea party, to explain the different understandings, meanings and facets of love, as well as the lack of understanding of the ladies and gentlemen for the true meaning of this term.

The poem consists of five simple stanzas of four verses each, but the meter cannot be clearly defined throughout. There is a three-lobed dactyl with a prelude, followed by a trochee.

The individual verses are joined together by an impure cross rhyme from the scheme abab, so that the author's words convey a sound of irony and criticism, and it can also be noted that the work has an upscale linguistic style that underlines the diction of society. It can also be stated that the work is pervaded by a simple line style, only an enjambement can be found in stanza 4, and the present cadence is male, which underlines the predominance of the male sex in the 19th century, is only in stanza 5 a change before.

The poem can be divided into three sections. The first stanza includes the first part, in which the initial situation is described and a social framework is shown. The inversion “And spoke…”, line 2, emphasizes the subject of the poem again. The anaphor, lines 3-4, indicates the well-designed or artistic description of men and women as gentle and graceful. By choosing these adjectives, the distribution of roles in the 19th century is thematized: The woman stands in the shadow of the strong man. In addition, it must be taken into account that love, especially on a physical level, was considered a taboo subject and was therefore not or should not be openly talked about. This is reinforced by Heine's high-quality style and language of expression.