What kind of server operating system are there

Server operating systems: history and current situation

  Windows Server Ubuntu Debian CentOS Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) Gentoo Fedora Homepage microsoft.com ubuntu.com debian.org centos.org redhat.com gentoo.org getfedora.org developer Microsoft Canonical Debian project CentOS project Red hat Gentoo Foundation Inc. Fedora project First publication 2003 2004 1993 2004 2002 1999 2003 ancestry Windows NT Debian Linux RHEL Red Hat Linux / Fedora Linux Red Hat Linux License Microsoft EULA GPL and others GPL and others (DFSG compliant) GPL and others GPL and others GPL and others GPL and others Chargeable Yes No No No Yes No No Standard UI ModernUI Unity - Gnomes - - Gnomes Supported Architectures AMD64, IA-64, IA-32, x86 i386, AMD64, x86 Alpha, AMD64, ARM, HPPA / PA-RISC, i386, IA-64, MIPS, MIPSel, PPC, S / 390, SPARC AMD64, ARM, Intel 64 i386, IA-64, PowerPC, AMD64 Alpha, AMD64, ARM, HPPA, IA-64, M68k, MIPS, PPC, S / 390, SH, SPARC, x86 i386, AMD64, PowerPC, ARM, s390x Update interval - approx. 6 months approx. 24 months 6–12 months 6–12 months weekly 6 months Long term support Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Standard package management OneGet (newer versions only) Dpkg, APT Dpkg, APT RPM, yum RPM, yum Portage DNF, yum Versions 2016, 2012 R2, 2012, Essentials, 2008 R2, 2008 Desktop, Server, Cloud, Core, Kylin (especially for Chinese users) - - Desktop, workstation, server - Workstation, server, cloud target group Users who prefer Microsoft operating systems and typical software such as Exchange or Sharepoint and who do not want to do without Windows for server administration. Beginners and those switching to Windows who plan to use Linux as the server operating system. As a "meta-distribution", Debian is interesting for various target groups - whether for private individuals or professionals. Anyone looking for a free alternative to Red Hat Enterprise Linux. Corporate customers who want to use Linux professionally. Users who want to design their Linux system very individually. Developers who always need the latest software version.