Why are jaguars endangered
Together against the death of the jaguars
The South American jaguars have a new mortal enemy: the global wildlife mafia. In New York, the home countries of the jaguars want to decide on a binding cooperation.
The jaguar was once at the top of the food chain in almost all of Central and South America. But the king loses his land. The jaguar is often only found in fragmented populations; settlement and agriculture take away most of its territories. In addition, the jaguars are shot down by the farmers as a supposed threat to their cattle. Only in the Amazon are there the large, contiguous areas of watercourses that the jaguar needs. 80 percent of the last 64,000 or so jaguars still live here. All other stocks are considered critically endangered or even threatened with extinction.
The new poaching for jaguars
Recently, however, a new threat has emerged: Jaguar poaching is skyrocketing. The teeth of the jaguars have always been a sought-after amulet in South America, jaguars were also shot for their furs. But now the bones and testicles of the jaguars are increasingly being traded illegally.
The death of the jaguars is a symptom of global wildlife crimes. The main cause of the explosion of poaching on jaguars is far away: in Asia. Tigers are increasingly difficult to find there, even for poachers, and trade in tiger parts is being prevented more and more efficiently. So the wildlife mafia evades. Increasing smuggling of lion parts is reported from Africa. And now jaguars are obviously becoming a sought-after alternative to tiger parts in traditional Asian medicine. Jaguar testicles can be found on Chinese markets as a sexual enhancer, at astronomical prices.
"The pressure on the jaguar is already enormous due to the increasing loss of habitat," says Dirk Embert, South America expert at WWF Germany. “We absolutely have to prevent further aggravation through globally organized poaching. But it also shows that problems cannot be viewed in isolation - and certainly cannot be solved. "
Jaguar countries want to work together now
Most of the 18 countries in which jaguars are currently still found do not ignore this opinion. In the run-up to the UN World Conservation Day on March 3, 2018 in New York, high-ranking representatives of the countries came together in a Jaguar forum organized by the WWF and other NGOs to sign a Jaguar Declaration.
The WWF supports the approach of a common strategy for the protection of jaguars in its entire range from Mexico to Argentina. The historic New York Jaguar 2030 Declaration stipulates that a joint Jaguar protection program should be developed and introduced. For the first time ever, the countries of origin have agreed to work together for the Jaguar. That was a good first step, ”says WWF South America expert Embert. "Now we have to stay tuned so that we can get the other countries on board and all sign the declaration".
- Day of the protection of species
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