Is sleep paralysis synonymous with clear dreams


From A for evening people to Z for cylinder springs, you will find the most important technical terms on the subject of sleep and bed explained in an understandable way.



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Evening people


Evening people or owls, compared to the larks (morning people), have their peak of mental and physical performance at different times of the day. Owls can still be fit and focused in the evening, long after larks have grown tired and switched off. But larks have an advantage in the morning. See also owls.

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Acetate is a natural cellulose-based chemical fiber. It became famous as artificial silk in the 1930s. The fiber is a regenerated man-made fiber that is produced from acetone-like cellulose acetate in a dry spinning process.

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AGR quality mark


The AGR seal of approval only distinguishes products that have proven their back-friendly design in front of an independent test committee with experts from various medical fields.

We currently differentiate between two types of AGR-tested bed systems:

a) Bed system with adjustable spring base
b) Bed system with system suspension

There must be minimum requirements such as
correct bed size, individual adjustment of the bed system to weight and body shape, pressure relief (especially in the shoulder, hip and heel area),
Support of the natural, nocturnal movement sequences, optimal bed climate, adaptation to the subjective feeling of lying and comfort (mattress),
washable or cleanable mattress covers etc. are met.
Due to the strict test criteria and the fact that the commission is made up of proven medical experts, the AGR seal of approval enjoys a high level of acceptance in the medical community.

Source: Aktion Gesunderback e. V., 27443 Selsingen

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The term “nightmare” or “nightmare” is assigned to a very specific state from the word (Alb-press), namely a dream that is accompanied by negative emotions such as fear and panic in the dreaming.

Nightmares were known from ancient Greece. They were sent by the shepherd god Pan, who was terrified by his goat shape.

It was believed that nightmares are an expression of soul life.

In the European Middle Ages there were vampires, night morars, the alp or even the devil himself, who punished the dreaming for sins committed.

Nightmares are anxiety dreams and they mostly occur during REM sleep phases.

Most people experience a nightmare between 2 a.m. and 4 a.m. The duration varies between a few minutes and half an hour and usually ends with a shock, after which you are usually immediately awake and have spatial and temporal orientation.

Around five percent of the total population report current nightmares, another six percent report past nightmares, and it is estimated that around a quarter of all children could be affected. They are relatively common in children (10-50%) and decrease by themselves with increasing age. In adulthood, they are usually the result of psychological stress, an accompanying symptom of mental illnesses or a result of medication. But nightmares are also considered an early symptom of Parkinson's and Alzheimer's. “Anyone who suddenly develops nightmares at the age of 40 or 50 would do well to see a doctor.

What can nightmares be about, among other things:

  • Horror and violence
  • Attack and danger
  • Escape from someone or something
  • Foreboding
  • Choking or being paralyzed
  • come too late
  • cannot leave
  • Fear, disgust, sadness, anger
  • persecution
  • Injury or death to close people
  • Fall into the abyss
  • sexual abuse
  • car accident
  • Problems in the family or at work
  • Etc.

During these experiences, the brain processes many emotions during sleep. People with recurring nightmares should consider what the cause is.

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Allergy covers


see encasing

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The alpaca (Vicugna pacos) is a somewhat smaller relative of the llamas from the South American Andes (Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina and Ecuador). The earliest references to alpacas in the Andes date from around 3,500 BC. Chr.

The alpaca is one of the mammals that are not primarily bred by humans to be eaten, but to deliver wool and therefore they occur in different habitats, e.g. in high mountains, in grasslands, in the steppe or in the semi-desert.
Measured up to the back, adult alpacas are between 80 and 100 centimeters high and weigh around 65 to 80 kilograms. Alpacas live in higher and therefore colder regions than llamas. That is why the undercoat under the long fur is much thicker and finer than that of the llamas.
They are especially famous for their very fine, warm wool. The downy hair (especially of young animals) is mainly used for duvets.

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Angora is a textile fiber and it comes from the angora rabbit. At the time of natural hair loss, it is obtained by combing or shearing the animal (up to 300g per year per animal). Because of its sweat-absorbing and heat-retaining properties, angora fibers are mainly used for bed linen and blankets. Angora hair is only used as a special blanket for duvets and is mixed with 50% virgin sheep's wool or lamb's wool.
Although DIN clearly defines the hair of the angora rabbit as angora, there is a risk of confusion with mohair, the wool of the angora goat.
For the first time, undercover investigation by PETA Asia published in 2013 routine cruelty to angora rabbits while harvesting the fur. Many companies around the world have therefore removed angora from their programs.

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Measurement methods


The specialist trade has been using measuring devices to determine body structure for a long time, since not only body weight, height, sleeping position and feeling are the decision criteria when buying mattresses, but also body proportions, the shoulder-pelvis ratio and the waist are the focus.
True high-tech devices have made their way into the world. However, this also means that we not only have to deal with the subject of the mattress, but also with the measurement methods, which are divided into four categories based on their measurement method:

1. Automatic measurements while lying down
2. Body structure measurements while standing
3. Body pressure measurements
4. Special forms & evaluation and orientation systems

For more see

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see sleep apnea

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Satin weave


The satin weave is one of the three basic weaves from which all weaves can be derived. In contrast to the plain weave, the binding points in the satin weave do not touch but are evenly distributed. Due to the small number of binding points and the dense thread position, atlas-binding fabrics are smooth, even and shiny. Each weft thread crosses over several warp threads. The result is very dense and soft damask or satin fabrics. This fabric is used, among other things, for extremely high-quality down.
There are not many modifications of the atlas, as the connection points must not touch. Two of these variants are the striped and the colored satin. A change between weft and warp atlas enables a pattern of the fabric (see e.g. damask). Probably the best known atlas fabric is satin, which is why one also speaks of satin weave.

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Waking up (at night)


Nobody sleeps through the night and waking up at night is completely natural. This happens up to ten times an hour for a few seconds and up to 23 times a night without the sleeper noticing, but not in deep sleep, but at the beginning and end of dream sleep and in light sleep

Only those who lie awake for more than three minutes can remember it in the morning. This happens about one to four times a night. Anyone who lies awake for five minutes or more often feels that their sleep is disturbed.

Typically, older people wake up several times during the night and sleep more easily overall (lower wake-up threshold).

Often waking up is considered a genetically anchored protective mechanism, because our ancestors slept in the wild and spontaneous awakening was an important protection against possible dangers.

So if you wake up at night, turn around and go back to sleep because the fear of staying awake will keep you from falling asleep again

However, if the short wake-up phases take longer, there can be many reasons, e.g.

  • the fear of oversleeping
  • the fear of missing an important appointment
  • thinking about unsolved problems
  • Processing of experiences during the day
  • Existential fears
  • depressions
  • Brooding
  • heartburn
  • Reflux disease
  • Restless legs syndrome
  • the personal need for sleep is simply overestimated
  • unknown noises of all kinds
  • Urge to urinate
  • Alcohol consumption
  • caffeinated drinks
  • Bloating
  • drug
  • Diseases
  • noise
  • bad indoor climate
  • shift work
  • Etc.

The sleep medicine therapy for too long waking up phases without an underlying chronic illness comprises three forms:

  • Medical therapy
  • Behavior therapy
  • Self-help in the form of improved sleep hygiene.

The treatment of this sleep disorder has made progress in recent years, primarily through the behavioral medical forms of treatment that are now available, which require considerable cooperation on the part of those affected.

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Equipment is understood to mean a large number of processes used to prepare the raw material (i.e. the substance as it is produced by
the weaving machine) to give appearance and properties, e.g. dyeing, bleaching, roughing, mercerising, sanforising, etc.


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Baby sleep


Hardly any other topic occupies parents as much as the sleep of the very youngest. A large online mail-order bookstore mentions over 400 book titles if the keyword “baby sleep” is entered in the search. Why sleep is important for mums and dads? There are several reasons for that. The two most important: your own lack of sleep and worrying about the child.

A newborn baby does not yet know the difference between day and night. Its relatively small stomach cannot hold enough food to keep it full for long periods of time. In the very early days, hunger is stronger than the need for sleep.

In addition, a newborn does not have a day-night rhythm, because it is only from the 4th month onwards that the sleep center slowly develops to such an extent that something like a rhythm appears.

In the first few years, the baby's sleep behavior changes enormously. The differences are also great among children, so all information on sleep and staying asleep are only approximate values.

Guideline values

Old night sleep Total sleep during the day

1 month 9 7 16

3 months 10 5 15

6 months 11 3 14

9 months 11 3 14

12 months 11 3 14

In the first three months, the mother should adjust to the rhythm of her baby as much as possible and not to the baby's sleep rhythm, because a newborn does not sleep continuously - only a maximum of three to four hours at a time - both during the day and during the day at night, because the baby's sleep cycle is shorter than that of adults. He spends more time in REM and the baby needs it because there are so many things going on in his brain.

Only from the 6th month onwards can children slowly participate in fixed bedtime times.

"Sleep is of great importance for the development of the brain, especially in the first year of life of a child," says the well-known sleep researcher Jürgen Zulley. Because already by the first birthday, a baby's brain had reached 75 percent of the size it would have as an adult. The maturation of the brain takes place mainly in the dream phases.

Baby sleep is divided into three types of sleep:

  • Waking phases, active and peaceful sleep
  • REM sleep (Rapid Eyes Movement),
  • Deep sleep. Babies also sigh, smack their lips and make little noises during this phase of sleep, because they too are dreaming. The proportion of this sleep phase is 50 percent in newborns, with them it alternates quickly with restful sleep.

Sleeping positions

It is important to distinguish between the “waking position” and the “sleeping position” when considering the position of the baby.

A baby should always "sleep" on its back, as it can breathe best in this position.

Much has been written recently about the correct sleeping position for babies. Studies have also shown that there is a connection between the sleeping position and sudden infant death syndrome (cradle death).

There are theories that the baby gets too little oxygen in this "sleeping position" or can choke if the surface is too soft

Therefore, a baby should never "sleep" unattended in the prone position.

In 1990, 42% of infants in Germany were put to sleep on their stomachs, in 2004 it was around eight percent, which is still more frequent than in countries with nationwide prevention campaigns from which 2% to 4% are reported.

If the baby is older than three to four months and can turn on its own and you have hardly any influence on your sleeping position anyway.

If the baby is "awake", active and, above all, supervised, it should lie on its stomach from time to time. This strengthens the abdominal, neck and back muscles, is a good preparation for sitting and serves to avoid malformations of the skull (e.g. flat skull,)

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Balloon bed


The term "balloon bed" denotes a special form of duvet, which is usually filled with feathers and down and the contents of which rests in a single-chamber cover and can move freely.
As is customary today, there are no quilted zones.
These duvets or balloon beds are still on offer today, although they no longer count among the modern variants of sleep culture.
You could say "Sleep like in grandma's time"

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Band washers


The intervertebral discs, also known as the intervertebral vertebrae, are cartilages that act as connecting links between the vertebral bodies. They make up around a quarter of the entire length of the spine.
They are the buffers between the individual vertebral bodies and consist of a gelatinous core inside, which is pressed when the spine is strained and flexed. The core is surrounded by a fiber ring. The intervertebral discs are not supplied with blood, but instead feed by absorbing nutrients from the environment. The intervertebral disc loses fluid under stress. Therefore it can be that a person is up to 2 cm shorter in the evening than in the morning. In order to be able to perform its function permanently, the intervertebral disc has to absorb this fluid again. This is only possible with discharge.
Pressure load at:

• Relaxed lying 30 kg
• Standing 70 kg
• Sitting 150 kg
• Correct lifting 220 kg
• Incorrect lifting 340 kg

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Disc mattresses


The unfortunately established term “intervertebral disc mattress” suggests to the customer that this mattress is ideal for sleepers with intervertebral disc damage.
This statement avoids the fact of a legally prohibited promise of healing and every serious bed dealer should distance himself from such arbitrarily defined 'intervertebral disc mattresses'.
There are no 'intervertebral disc mattresses'. Neither does 'non-intervertebral disc mattresses'.
Any mattress that offers good body support helps the intervertebral discs to recover well at night.

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Bast fibers


Bast fibers are:

Bamboo fiber
Nettle, see also fiber nettle
Hemp fiber
Linen from the common flax

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Cotton is the most important textile raw material in the world, with a share of 50-60% of the total textile production. It belongs to the mallow family and consists of 90% cellulose, the basic material of all plants and grows mainly in the subtropical climate, the southern states of the USA, Russia, China, India, Mexico, Sudan and Egypt.
The oldest cotton culture was proven in India for the 3rd millennium BC. The cotton came to China from India. At the same time, cotton was also grown by the Incas in Central America. In the 8th-10th In the 19th century, the Arabs introduced the cotton culture from Persia to northern Africa, Sicily and southern Spain.
The capsule fruits of the plant burst and white to yellowish seed hairs of the cotton fruit ooze out.The harvest can be done either by hand picking or by machine. The seed hairs are later spun into cotton yarn.
Cotton is used in its pure form or in blends throughout the home textile sector.

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Cotton sign


The symbolized fruit capsule of the cotton bush is the international symbol for 'PURE COTTON'. It is a registered trademark and stands for pure cotton and high quality. It must not be used with mixtures with other mixtures.
BREMER BAUMWOLLBÖRSE has been the owner of the trademark rights to the International Cotton Mark within the European Union (EU-28) since November 2005. Since then, the cotton exchange has granted the license for the cotton logo to interested companies.
According to the licensing requirements, the cotton fiber content must be 100% without taking into account lining materials, inserts and accessories, with tolerances of 5% for decorative and effect purposes and 3% for foreign fibers.

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Machined pen


According to the new DIN standard for springs DIN EN 12934, this term means:

'A feather that has gone through all of the machining processes, including washing, drying, and all hygienic treatments.'

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The narrator Guy de Maupassant, who even wrote his own work on the bed, summed up all of this in a nutshell:
“The bed is the symbol of life; the bed is the person. ‘
The bed is actually any place that a living creature has prepared for itself to rest. The oldest forerunners apparently formed recesses in the ground that were covered with mats. They have been found in dwellings from the Early Bronze Age.
In Germany the bed is also referred to as a mole, bunk, heia, trap or box, in Switzerland as Näscht and in Austria regionally as Hapfn.
We differentiate between the following types of bed

• cot
• bunk beds
• folding bed
• Camp bed
• double bed
• futon
• four-poster bed
• Loft bed
• Nursing bed
• Senior bed
• water bed
• Sick bed

Explanations under the individual terms

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Duvet sizes


People are getting taller and taller and the proportion of people over 1.80 m tall is increasing all the time, especially among the younger generation. The mean height for men today is around 1.76 m and for women around 1.65 m.
The blanket should always be a bit bigger than too small. The standard value under the duvet sizes is 135cm x 200cm, if the sleeper is not exactly over 175cm.
The following list can be used as a guide:

135 x 200 cm (standard size for single sleepers)
155 x 220 cm (comfort size for single sleepers)
155 x 200 cm (comfort size for normal-sized, slightly heavier people)
200 x 200 cm (size for two people under one blanket)
200 x 220 cm (comfort size for two people under one blanket)

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Bed sizes German


In Germany, the dimensions of a bed usually refer to the inner dimensions of the bed frame. Bed sizes common in Germany:
60 × 120 cm
70 × 140 cm
70 × 160 cm
90 × 160 cm

Single beds
90 × 190 cm
90 × 200 cm
90 × 220 cm
100 × 190 cm
100 × 200 cm
100 × 210 cm
100 × 220 cm
120 × 200 cm

Double beds
140 × 200 cm
140 × 220 cm
160 × 200 cm
160 × 220 cm
180 × 190 cm
180 × 200 cm
190 × 200 cm
200 × 200 cm
200 × 210 cm
200 × 220 cm

150 × 190 cm
150 × 200 cm
150 × 210 cm

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International bed sizes


The mattresses available on the market in the USA are different in size from the European ones.

• King size = 190 x 203 cm
• California King Size = 183 x 213 cm
• Queen size = 152 x 203 cm
• Twin size = 99 x 190 cm
• Double or full size = 137 x 190 cm

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Bed climate


Bed climate is understood to mean the immediate surroundings of the sleeper, and thereby
mainly the temperature and humidity values ​​of the materials (mattresses) and the air they hold.

An optimal bed climate keeps your body temperature constant, regulates the heat and the transport of fluids. This not only requires a suitable room temperature of 16 to 18 degrees with a humidity of ideally around 50 percent. Your bed system also affects the microclimate under the duvet.
The bed climate is correct when the following values ​​are reached in the bed cavity:

Climate warm
• Temperature 28-32 degrees, humidity 40-60%, body temperature approx. 31-35 degrees

Climate cool
• Temperature not below 18 degrees, humidity 50%, body temperature approx. 30-32 degrees

Neither overheating nor hypothermia are ideal. If there is no heat transfer sport, the body temperature in bed would rise by 1 degree per hour and after five hours there would be mortal danger. Mattresses and underlays must also have good thermal insulation and at the same time be able to absorb and release the moisture given off by body perspiration. The bed system also has an effect on the microclimate under the duvet.

The following factors, among others, are decisive for an ideal bed climate:

• Cover
• Nightwear
• bed linen
• Mattress cover
• Mattress protectors
• mattress core
• Indoor climate


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Bed system


Bed system is a high-sounding word for an old thing that we take for granted. System means a multitude of coordinated and balanced effects in our case of the spring base, mattress and pillow.

A bed system is therefore the optimal coordination and perfect interaction between the spring base, mattress and pillow and therefore the best basis for a deep, restful sleep.

People are very different and nowhere is this fact more evident than when sleeping. Some are tall, others small, some of a strong stature, others rather delicate, some have to be stored harder, others softer. In addition, there are individual body shapes, body weight and sleeping habits. A good bed system must be able to match the spring base, mattress and pillow to each of these needs and to optimally support the sleeping body. For example, it makes sense to set up your partner's bed system differently than your own.

The human body should be supported and carried by the lying surface as it has naturally grown, i.e. it should lie as it stands. The bed system only relieves and supports the bed system from head to toe if the lying surface adapts exactly to the individual body contour, regardless of body size, weight and shape. Muscles, circulation and nervous system can regenerate. The mattress and spring base should therefore be able to be sensitively and finely tuned to all body functions and movements of the resting person.

The human anatomy is taken for granted and beds have to conform to it. There is no bed system that is suitable for all sleepers, but rather the mattress, spring base and pillows have to be tailored to the respective person, whereby

* anatomical conditions
* Weight and height
* Sensitivity to pressure
* Sleep behavior

must be taken into account.

The bed system has to adapt to the body and not the other way around!

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Bed bug


Bed bugs - also known as house bugs - specialize in living in the sleeping places of living things of the same temperature - especially humans - and feeding on their blood. Bed bugs are considered classic parasites.
In 2011 there was a bed bug epidemic, especially in the USA, and since then the bed bug has been on the rise again.
Most people have never seen bed bugs and therefore the 3.8 to 5.5 millimeter yellow-brown to red-brown pests with an average life expectancy of 6 to 12 months are not recognized at all. They only need three to ten minutes to absorb the amount of blood they need for their further development.
Once bed bugs have been introduced, they are difficult to get rid of because they can survive in their hiding places for more than six months, even without food, and a major problem is their rapid spread. Panic and hectic are the worst advice when it comes to bed bug control. Therefore, you should by no means try to solve the problem yourself through thoughtless control actions and so-called home remedies against bed bugs. It won't work. Sustainable control of bed bugs can only be carried out by exterminators, because they are very familiar with the problem. Bed bug control requires a lot of advice and work, and has many components.

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Movement in sleep


We seldom wake up in the position in which we have made our bed to rest, because movements in sleep are fundamentally normal and do not have to bother you further if you are not sleepy during the day or if your significant other is complaining.

A sleeper changes posture around 40 to 60 times. This allows the muscles to relax sufficiently and the intervertebral discs to regenerate. It is therefore imperative for our body that we turn and “keep moving” while we sleep. Even the most relaxed sleeper does not remain motionless and that is a good thing.

The movements are a protective function of the body and absolutely necessary.

Reasons for Moving During Sleep

  • Too soft a mattress that lets the sleeper sink in so deep.
  • A cold or hard bed forces the body to constantly change its posture.
  • A bed that is too soft, on the other hand, fixes because too much force has to be used to turn it over.
  • Where the body rests on the mattress, the fine veins in the skin are squeezed off by the body's weight and the blood can no longer supply the skin and nerves with sufficient oxygen and vital nutrients. The brain sounds the alarm and tells the body to change position.
  • Intervertebral discs depend on regular movement. If we were to remain completely motionless in one position for eight hours, our intervertebral discs would be affected in the long term. They need turning so that their nutrient fluid is moved in an even amount.

These movements are most common in the first half of the night, especially outside of the REM periods. They evade any conscious control.

Some people wake up from it every now and then and therefore find turning it annoying. The fact is that we only very rarely wake up from the movement and, in truth, change our lying position much more often.

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The origin of the name "beaver" is probably in the 18th and 19th centuries, because beaver pelts were worn here and were exactly the right source of warmth at the time. You could have been the namesake for the beaver fabric. Beaver is also called rough couverture or cotton flannel
It is a dense, linen-woven fabric made of cotton or microfibre that has been roughened on one or both sides to create a fluffy effect.
We differentiate between beaver and fine beaver, with fine beaver denoting the finer and lighter version. Both qualities are used in bed linen.
Beaver bed linen is cuddly soft and breathable, feels warmer on the skin and can absorb moisture so that you don't sweat while sleeping.

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Blue Angel


The Blue Angel is the first and best-known certification mark in the world. For more than 30 years, it has been honoring particularly environmentally and climate-friendly products and services. This eco-label is awarded to the manufacturers and they can label their products with it on a voluntary basis.
The products awarded with this label are particularly low in emissions and the requirements for the eco-label relate to production and the materials and materials used, as well as to the use phase and disposal.
Mattresses and slatted frames can be awarded the blue angel and the award criteria can be found here.

Mattresses (RAL-UZ 119)
• Exclusion of carcinogenic and organohalogen compounds
• Tested for harmful substances for volatile organic compounds and formaldehyde

Slatted frame (RAL-UZ 38)
• no harmful substances for the living environment - especially when it comes to the coating
• mainly made from the renewable raw material wood

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Bleaching is a finishing process that is used primarily for cotton, in some cases also other cellulose fibers and linen, in order to remove or weaken the unsightly, mostly yellow or brownish natural color of the textile material.
This happens through oxidation or reduction with the help of chlorine, caustic soda, sulfur dioxide or hydrogen peroxide.

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Block foam


Block foam is a term used in foam production and, as the name suggests, is produced in blocks of any length that run continuously from the machine, with variable width and height.
Block foam is an intermediate product from which polyurethane mattresses are made by cutting and joining.
Block foam is produced in a continuous process. Different liquid raw materials are mixed together. These raw materials react with one another to form the end product foam in the form of a block.
By varying the types of raw materials and their quantities, very different types of foam (standard, cold or memory foam) with different physical properties are produced. By selecting the various components and modifying the recipe, you are able to determine the density and hardness. More control over elasticity, breathability, air permeability, hard and soft zones, etc.

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Bonell spring core


Bonnell innersprings are the classic and probably best-known innerspring systems. The first spring mattress appeared in the 1890s. It was named after its inventor, Bonnell.
Their individual feathers have a waist shape (similar to an hourglass) - see illustration - which are connected to one another by wire spirals. The resulting spring core is characterized by high stability and durability. It also has a particularly progressive spring characteristic thanks to its waist shape - i. H. when the load increases, there is an increasing counterpressure.
In general, Bonnell mattresses offer a rather firm lying comfort

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Box spring American version


Often the box spring bed offers speak of an American or Scandinavian type. The difference lies in the structure: Scandinavian box spring beds have a topper, the American beds do without it, because the American box spring bed, on the other hand, has the comfort layer incorporated into the thicker mattress.
As the name suggests, Americans love this type of box spring bed: a mattress is placed on a base mattress that is impressive. An American mattress measures 30 centimeters and more and often gives the sleeper the feeling of being bedded on clouds. Thick layers of comfort above and below the feathers tend to create a softer surface, which is very popular with Americans.

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Box spring Scandinavian version


The difference between an American box spring and a Scandinavian box spring is in the structure, because a Scandinavian box spring bed has some special features.
The Scandinavians have a slightly thinner, flatter mattress and put a topper on top as an additional layer of comfort. This provides additional comfort and improves the properties of the suspension.
In the Scandinavian box spring bed, the mattress is usually covered in the upholstery fabric of the bed. So that the unity of the spring housing and mattress is also visually emphasized.

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Bridge® technology


Swissflex has been the epitome of Swiss sleep culture for decades. With the intelligent bridge® technology, a new chapter in modern sleep culture begins. Because this technology is the result of consistent developments in innovative technologies. Based on the human spine, a patented suspension technology was developed that adapts fully automatically, individually and optimally to every body requirement and every sleeping position - horizontally as well as vertically. For every body shape, in all positions, without having to adjust the spring base manually.

The principle: The bridge® technology consists of free-swinging, self-regulating spring modules that connect individual spring slats to one another in the form of a chain. This spring chain reacts automatically and precisely to body pressure and adapts precisely to the movements while sleeping from head to toe.This guarantees ergonomically correct support and, at the same time, relief of the body: Sensitive areas of the body, such as the shoulder area, are relieved by the greatest possible spring deflection and maximum sinking depth, while other parts of the body, such as the spine, are optimally supported. The body is anatomically balanced in every position, regardless of the height, weight and position of the sleeper. The result is perfect ergonomics and a weightless feeling of lying.

Depending on the level of comfort, you can choose between 3 models in different versions (fully electric or manual).

Further information at:

Arguments in favor of the suspension of the bridge® technology

• Self-regulating
• Free swinging
• Adaptable
• Strong support
• Interactive suspension comfort
• Tailored relief

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See grinding your teeth


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A new, real natural hair that was only discovered this century and has been on the market since 1979. The Kashgora goats are sheared twice a year and are a cross between cashmere goats and mohair goats. Kashgora hair is characterized by the length and delicacy of mohair hair and the softness and silky sheen of cashmere hair. The hair is slightly curled, very fine, light and soft and the price is well below cashmere. Kashgora has been included in the TKG since July 1, 1998.

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Man-made fibers


Man-made fiber is the collective name for fibers produced industrially in a chemical process from natural polymers, synthetic polymers and inorganic substances.
In contrast to natural fibers, man-made fibers can be designed by humans in terms of their composition and structure. In this way, the properties of man-made fibers can be tailored to the intended use.

Overview of the most important man-made fibers

Man-made fibers made from natural polymers:
Viscose fibers
Modal fibers
Cupro fibers
Acetate fibers
Triacetate fibers
Alginate fibers
Rubber fibers

Man-made fibers made from synthetic polymers:
Elastodiene fibers
Acrylic fibers
Modacrylic fibers
Polyamide fibers
Chlorofibre fibers
Polyvinyl chloride fibers
Polyvinyl alcohol fibers

Man-made fibers from inorganic substances:
Fiberglass fabrics
Carbon fibers
Metal fibers

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Cheviot sheep


Cheviot sheep are a Scottish mountain sheep breed from the Cheviot Hills and native to the border with England. They are frugal and robust. Since it is suitable for both meat and wool production, it is no longer only bred in Scotland, Wales and England, but can be found all over the world.
Cheviot sheep are crossed with merino sheep to increase the wool yield.

See Crossbred

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Circadian rhythm


In chronobiology, circadian rhythms (also: circadian rhythms) are summarized as the internal rhythms that recur regularly within 24 hours.

The term was introduced in 1959 by Franz Halberg. The best known circadian rhythm is the sleep-wake rhythm.

The circadian rhythm is popularly known as the "internal clock"

See: internal clock

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Combi wool seal


Woolmark Blend (Combi-Wollsiegel) is the quality mark for fiber blends with at least 50% virgin wool and a maximum of 50% non-wool fibers. The proportion of virgin wool must have the same properties as those of pure virgin wool.

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Term for feathers and / or down that have already been used at least once, so-called old feathers.
According to today's quality requirements, couches are unsuitable as bed fillings because they have less filling power and more flight. In addition, you need about a third more filling than for a comparable result with original new goods. They are only used as fillings for sofa cushions.

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The cretonne - also written Kretonne or Kreton - is a plain weave fabric made of medium-strength, tightly twisted cotton yarns. It is characterized by its durability and the typical dull look. It is used as a raw material for textile printing and as a printed finished product for bed linen.

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Crossbred wool has the greatest importance among sheep's wool. It comes from a cross between Merino and Cheviot sheep in order to increase the wool yield and create a more versatile use.
Crossbred sheep deliver medium-staple, medium-fine wool that is not as soft as merino wool and less crimped. The length of the hair varies between 120 - 150 mm and the fiber fineness ranges from 24 to over 40 micrometers.

According to EU regulation No. 1007/2011, the term “crossbred wool” no longer exists, because the crossbred sheep is a sheep and no matter how much the wool quality differs from the “normal” new wool, for the EU sheep is Sheep and because that is the case, the term “crossbred wool” is no longer permitted.

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Cupro is a chemical fiber made from cellulose that is produced by wet spinning using the copper oxide-ammonia process. This regenerated fiber is no longer produced in Germany. .


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Dacron is a trade name for continuous polyester filaments. The DACRON ® brand was introduced over 50 years ago as a filling fiber for home textiles and is still one of the leading brands in this field.
Dacron is on the market under various brand names that are currently being revised.

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Daunasan® is a registered trademark of the Association of the European Bed Feather and Bedding Industry e.V.
Bedding with the Daunasan logo is filled with feathers and down that have been thoroughly washed in water and dried at a temperature of at least 100 ° C before use. This means that bedding with the Daunasan mark complies with the hygiene requirements of the European standard EN 12935. Feathers and down are natural products that are obtained in accordance with strict legal requirements and do not contain any harmful substances. Due to their natural properties - they are light and warm without straining - they offer excellent thermal insulation and are therefore the ideal filling material for bedding.
A documentary traceability system proves that the filling material was obtained in accordance with applicable animal welfare laws.
Only detergents that protect the environment and preserve the naturalness of the feathers and down are used during processing. At the end of the product life cycle, the filling material can be composted without any problems.
Companies that use the Daunasan® mark have the down and feathers they process examined by a hygiene laboratory several times a year and undertake to keep records of the processing of the filling material.

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Down is the plumage that forms the undercover of the water fowl, consisting of tufts of light, fluffy filaments that grow from a weakly suggested down core, but without a shaft or flag.
The down looks like a fine snowflake. It is a three-dimensional structure. From the barely visible core, ray-like, silky-soft down legs grow out with the finest branches that store a lot of air.

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Bedsore mattress


The bedsore mattress - sometimes also called anti-decubitus mattress - is used in nursing and is a (support) mattress, primarily used to reduce the maximum support pressure. Decubitus mattresses are mainly used in intensive care medicine and in geriatric care. Many manufacturers offer different systems.

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DGSM is the abbreviation for the German Society for Sleep Research and Sleep Medicine, founded in 1992.

The German Society for Sleep Research and Sleep Medicine e.V. (DGSM) is the German-speaking scientific society that deals with research into sleep and its disorders as well as the clinical examination and treatment of sleep and wake disorders

The interdisciplinary character of the DGSM is reflected in the professional profiles of its members, who include doctors in pulmonology, internal medicine, neurology, psychiatry, ENT medicine, paediatrics as well as physiologists, psychologists, biologists and other natural scientists.

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Spelled is an ancient grain that was cultivated by the Celts and ancient Egyptians. Spelled chaff, the natural shell of the spelled grain and thus the ideal material for pillows, because it enables the cervical spine to be positioned correctly in every position.

Spelled chaff
• Can absorb body heat and slowly release it again
• I can adapt very well to the contours of your head
• is relatively light and very air permeable
• Has a high content of silica and it will relax the muscles
Impact attributed.
• Prevents unhealthy sweating of the head and neck area.

"Warmth pillows" filled with spelled kernels are often used instead of a hot water bottle or a gel pack. To do this, the pillows are heated in the microwave or placed in the freezer for cooling treatments. They offer a pleasant, long-lasting heat radiation or cooling effect with good air permeability.

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Double bed


In addition to the single bed, the double bed is a common type of bed. It is particularly wide and mostly available as a double bed. It offers enough space for two people, but is usually smaller than two single beds. The smallest double bed is the queen size bed with a width of 1.40 m, followed by the French bed, which is 1.60 m wide and consists only of a continuous mattress. The next larger is the 1.80 m or 2 m wide king size bed. The wide variants are often equipped with two mattresses, so that a gap is created between them, the so-called "visitor crack".
The double bed appeared in the Middle Ages and initially only brought the wealthy back together at night. Today it is hard to imagine a partnership without it and it is mainly limited to Western cultures.

Despite all the unfavorable conditions, sleeping for two in a double bed has established itself over the course of history as a common sleeping behavior for married and unmarried couples.
Reasons were even found for the demonization of the two-sleeper bedstead: Every bedstead is better drowsy because it is in every way unhealthy for two people to sleep together.
Today we know that it could not be as unhealthy as shown in the moral book just quoted. Otherwise humanity would have perished long ago.

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Bedding with the Downafresh label is filled with feathers and down that have been thoroughly washed in water before being used and dried at a temperature of at least 100 ° C. This means that bedding with the Downafresh mark complies with the hygiene requirements of the European standard EN 12935. Feathers and down are natural products that are obtained in accordance with strict legal requirements and naturally contain no harmful substances. Due to their natural properties - they are light and warm without straining - they offer excellent thermal insulation and are therefore the ideal filling material for bedding. A documentary traceability system proves that the filling material was obtained in accordance with applicable animal welfare laws. Only detergents that protect the environment and preserve the naturalness of the feathers and down are used during processing. At the end of the product life cycle, the filling material can be composted without any problems.
Manufacturers who use the Downafresh® mark have undertaken to have their products regularly checked by an independent test laboratory for compliance with hygiene and purity requirements.

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Dralon® is the brand name of a chemical fiber from the group of polyacrylic fibers. The fibers are mostly textured and thus have a high degree of bulk. That is why they are used in the home textile sector for blankets, often mixed with cotton or wool, but also processed alone. Here, Dralon® provides softness and warmth, but also durability, tear resistance and long-lasting bright colors.

Blankets with Dralon®
• are soft and warm and voluminous
• are easy to care for and retain their shape
• are colourfast and dimensionally stable
• are wrinkle-free and do not scratch
• are resistant to mites, moths, etc.
• show no pilling and no obstruction.

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Drell - also called Zwillich or Drillich is a medium-weight, linen-like fabric with a smooth, dense and shiny surface made of linen, half linen, cotton or viscose fibers. Drell is woven in a twill weave and is used for mattress covers. This is why one speaks of mattress ticking.

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Dunlop process


This process, which was developed in 1929, is the most widely used manufacturing process for latex and foam rubber products today.

This process is based on the fact that the latex is foamed by mechanical impact of air until a stable, but still liquid foam is created. This creates millions of bubbles which later ensure point elasticity and breathability.

Then the foam is poured into the mold in a precisely dosed amount, a kind of waffle iron, i.e. the element that gives shape to the inner workings. In the lid and in the tub there are studs and / or pins which, among other things, have the task of bringing the high temperature into the mattress. After closing the lid, the foam is baked in about 20 minutes at about 100 degrees. This process is called vulcanization.
The Dunlop process is relatively inexpensive, which is why it is used particularly in the production of synthetic latex mattresses and also in mattresses with mixtures of natural and synthetic latex. Most of the foam rubber on the market is manufactured using the Dunlop process.

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In Switzerland, the term duvet is often used for a duvet.


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Noble hair


Term for very high quality wool from certain goats (cashmere, angora) or llamas (alpaca, vicunja).

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Electroencephalography (EEG) is a diagnostic method used in neurological research to measure electrical activity in the brain. There is a graphic recording of current curves that originate from the electrical activity of the brain cells

This is why the EEG is also referred to as a brain waveform.

The term goes back to the neurologist Hans Berger, who carried out the first electroencephalographs of humans at the University of Jena in 1924. He called them "electron kephalograms"

Electrodes are placed on the subject's scalp, which continuously record, amplify and record potential fluctuations (so-called brainwave waves) of the brain. For this purpose, at least 12 leads are usually chosen. Certain diseases can be inferred from patterns of the current curve.

An EEG examination (electroencephalography) is used, among other things, in the presence of sleep disorders and sleeping sicknesses, and here the EEG is part of the polysomnography. The EEG is recorded here all night with a reduced set of electrodes. The prevailing wave pattern suggests the depth of sleep. Special patterns (sleep spindles, K-complexes) also occur in certain sleep stages.

Electroencephalography is a completely painless, safe and complication-free routine examination.

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Eiderdown comes from the eider duck that lives on the coasts of Northern Europe (Ireland, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Svalbard, etc.), North America and Northern Russia. Its Latin name is 'Somateria mollissima', which means 'with the plumpest body'. Eider ducks are a species of bird that is threatened with extinction, which is why these animals are now protected worldwide.
Your down is a masterpiece of nature. Many small branches hold the down together like burdock - even a strong arctic storm cannot blow it out of the nest.
Unlike most other down, the eiderdown is not a protection for ducks from the cold, but serves as protection for their brood. During the breeding season, the female builds a nest in a hollow in the ground. The breeding season can last up to 4 weeks. After rearing, the duck leaves the nesting site with its chicks and moves back to the sea, because the water is the actual habitat of these fascinating animals. The nests with the down remain abandoned because they have fulfilled their function. In several hours of manual work, approx.60 nests one kilogram of eiderdown. Eiderdown is the most expensive type of down.

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Sleep rituals


Rituals are a procedure according to a fixed order and therefore a ritual is to be understood as an action according to a fixed, recurring sequence.

A ritual can therefore be the morning exercise, the cigarette after eating or a certain recurring routine when falling asleep.

Of course, this is hardly possible at the push of a button, so falling asleep rituals for children and adults are very useful.

What has worked successfully with children for years is difficult to imagine for many adults. But if you want to sleep better at night, then it makes sense to allow yourself a certain routine. Always the same procedure for ending the day and falling asleep.

With small and effective tricks, it is quite possible that stressed people can sleep much better after just a few days. It is important that if the family decides on a bedtime ritual, it should be carried out regularly and not repeatedly made dependent on mood

Sleep rituals for children

  • Drinking a specific drink before bed.
  • Petting
  • Winding a music box
  • Telling a story
  • Reading a book
  • Evening prayer
  • Goodnight kiss
  • Auditioning or singing a lullaby together
  • TV (from kindergarten age at the earliest) is recommended. The show should be short and child-friendly, such as the Sandman.
  • Cuddly toys and scarves
  • Let a "sleep light" burn
  • Leave the door ajar so that some light and the familiar voices of the parents can enter the nursery.


Sleep rituals for adults can include: B. be:

  • Drink herbal tea
  • to watch the last news broadcast on television or radio
  • listening to your favorite music
  • to read a few lines
  • to say a prayer
  • Review the day
  • Ventilate the room
  • Write a diary to get your thoughts off your head and onto paper

But is out of place:

  • TV in bedroom
  • read an exciting thriller just before going to bed

With regard to the sleep rituals for adults, the Sleep Medicine Center of the Berlin Charité has come to the conclusion that two roughly categorized groups of sleepers are available with different sleep rituals:

  1. The first group is adults who are recommended to use exercise as a bedtime ritual. Exercise can certainly help you fall asleep in a wonderful way, but only if there are two to three hours between exercise and the time you go to bed, during which the body can slowly shut down again.
  2. The second group can be characterized by the umbrella term “rest group”. For them, movement is completely unsuitable as a ritual to fall asleep. For them, the rituals for falling asleep, such as listening to their favorite music, reviewing the day, etc.

Sleep rituals promote sleep for children and adults if they are carried out regularly and in the same manner.

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Sleep aids


The physiologist and sleep researcher Jürgen Zulley, who has been dealing with the subject of sleep for more than 35 years, estimates that around six percent of the total population suffers from a "treatment-requiring" difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep. If you have permanent problems falling asleep, it is better to see your family doctor. Sometimes an examination in the sleep laboratory or with a psychiatrist or neurologist makes sense.

Sleep aids may help with occasional sleep problems. These are measures of a "non-medical" nature that are intended to make it easier to fall asleep.

Those affected often want a quiet night. But they fail to fall asleep or stay asleep. During the day they are dead tired. Sleep aids can work wonders for temporary insomnia that has no health cause. Here the relaxation box is reached deeply with the following calming and sleep-promoting measures.

  • take a short walk
  • Drink milk, it contains the amino acid "tryptophan", which makes you tired. The glass of warm milk with honey is a popular home remedy
  • Drink tea (passion flower, catnip, chamomile or hops)
  • Eating peanuts makes you tired because of their "tryptophan content".
  • Drink beer, non-alcoholic beer also has a calming and sleep-inducing effect. The hops contained are primarily responsible for this.
  • Counting sheep. Probably the most famous sleep aid can actually help
  • Sport Anyone who does sport becomes tired and can sleep better afterwards
  • Showering or bathing. Warm, because then the extremities are warmed up and this can make it easier to fall asleep. Cold stimulates the circulation and drives away tiredness
  • Increasing foot baths.
  • Cold arm baths. They have a calming effect on the heart and circulation and last about 10 to 30 seconds
  • Visiting the sauna, preferably in the afternoon or early evening, can lead to increased tiredness a few hours later and thus make it easier to fall asleep.
  • Sleep music can stimulate the process of falling asleep.
  • Get used to fixed bedtime rituals
  • But medication should be the last resort.

Falling asleep becomes more difficult, the more it is “wished for”; in monotonous situations, however, these patients often fall asleep without any problems.

It is important that the bed is only there for sleeping so that the body does not associate it with any other activity. Fixed bedtime is recommended and the temperature in the bedroom also plays a role when falling asleep. The ideal room temperature for sleeping is around 18 degrees.

The desperate attempt to finally fall asleep usually only leads to the opposite. Then you quickly get into a vicious circle in which you lie brooding in bed and certainly not come to rest. In such cases, it is better to get up again and distract yourself with something else to do for a few minutes.

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Pouring in


In contrast to the ticking, the filler is woven in a plain weave and by using particularly fine thread counts, it is possible to keep the fabric pores so fine that parts of the down are prevented from penetrating. The fabric construction, the quality of the selected cotton yarn and the low weight of the chute are matched to a filling of mature three-quarter down to down.
Basically, only high quality, combed, finely spun are used. Sometimes the name cambric is also used for the name "pouring" or one speaks of "down percale" when it comes to printed chipping.
For optimal sleeping comfort, the covers have to be air-permeable so that the moisture absorbed by the filling can escape again, which is why cotton is the essential raw material basis.

Use: down duvets, pillows, quilts.

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Elastane, also spelled "Elasthan", better known under its brand names Lycra and Dorlastan, is an elastic chemical fiber invented in Germany in 1937 for which there is no natural model.
Elastane can be stretched up to four to seven times its original length and, as soon as the tension is released, it immediately returns to its original length. This means that elastane fibers have the highest elasticity of all textile raw materials.
In the bedding sector, elastane is used in fiber blends, e.g. 95% cotton 5% elastane for fitted sheets.

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See: EEG

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"Encasing" is the term used to describe special mattress covers that are intended to provide a remedy for house dust mite allergies. They are used to avoid contact with allergens and ideally, due to their surface construction (dense microfibre), form a physical barrier between the mite excrement and the human respiratory tract.
Mites mostly feed on dead skin. Encasing prevents these flakes of skin from getting into the mattress cover or bedding and thus deprives the house dust mites of the food they need. The measure can permanently alleviate the symptoms of allergy sufferers.

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Endless spring core


see GR spring core

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Duck feather


Compared to goose feathers, duck feathers are tapered at the end. They are also not so curved, so they have a little less filling power than goose feathers. They are obtained from the pluck of ducks and are solid utility nibs for light, softer fillings.
When in doubt, a good duck feather is preferable to a rather bad goose feather.

* delicate, curved keel that has a pointed shape, like
ends at a lance tip.
* smaller and more delicate than the goose feathers
* Fluff is more sparse compared to goose feather
* Appearance between matt to iridescent
* mostly colored, as there are very few white ducks.

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Transition from sleep to wakefulness; Detectable in the electroencephalogram through the change in the recorded waves - there are more alpha and beta waves.

See parasomnias

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Bunk bed


Bunk beds are the classics among children's beds. It is understood to mean an arrangement in which at least two beds one above the other which are firmly connected, e.g. B. the bunk bed. There is no significant storage space under the bed. They are also common in military facilities, youth hostels, hikers' cabins. Workers' dormitories or seaman's homes are used.

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EU Ecolabel


The EU Ecolabel is the EU eco-label recognized in all member states of the European Union, but also by Norway, Liechtenstein and Iceland since 1992. The voluntary mark is a reference for consumers who want to contribute to reducing pollution by purchasing more environmentally friendly products and services.

This eco-label is awarded in the "Bed mattresses" product group for the following products:

• bed mattresses, d. H. Products that serve as a base for sleeping or resting indoors
• Filling material for bed mattresses such as latex foam, polyurethane foam and springs
• Wooden bed frames that serve as a mattress base
• Spring mattresses and mattresses with removable and / or washable covers

Inflatable mattresses and water mattresses as well as mattresses classified according to Directive 93/42 / EEC are excluded.