What do Jews think of Kabala?

Small Jewish glossary

Ashkenazim

Term for the Jews and their descendants who came from Germany and France, later also from Eastern Europe.

bar mitzvah

In German: "Gebotsm√ľndig". A festival at which the Jews celebrate the religious maturity of a boy. For girls, the festival is called Bat Mitzvah. From now on, the young offspring must participate in the command culture of the Jewish family and, like adults, keep the mitzvot.

Brit Mila

The circumcision of the male Jew.

Hanukkah

Jewish festival of lights, which commemorates the rededication of the temple in Jerusalem by the Maccabees. Hanukkah lasts eight days and, according to the Jewish calendar, begins the evening before the 25th day of the month of Kislev (November or December).

Halacha

Jewish religious law.

Kabbalah

A mystical Jewish intellectual current that appeared in Provence, Spain and later in Palestine from the 12th century.

Kibbutz (plural: kibuzzim)

Cooperative settlement.

Kiddush

The holy blessing spoken over a cup of wine on the Sabbath and on Jewish holidays.

Kippah

Man's headgear, which is put on during prayer, ritual acts or in the synagogue.

Kosher

Comes from Yiddish and means "suitable" dishes that conform to Jewish dietary laws.

Mazzen

Unleavened bread prescribed for the feast of Passover.

Menorah

The Hebrew name for the seven-armed candlestick. The menorah is an important religious symbol in Judaism and has also been included in the Israeli national coat of arms.

Mezuzah

The Hebrew word for "doorpost". What is meant is a small container that contains Torah sections on parchment and is attached to the right outer door post of a Jewish residential entrance for ritual purposes.

Mitzvah (plural: mitzvot)

Jewish-religious commandments.

Passover

The Passover festival commemorates the Jewish exodus, the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt. The celebrations begin on the evening of the first full moon in spring (the evening of Nissan 14 in the Jewish calendar) and last seven days in Israel and eight days in the Diaspora.

pogrom

The Russian word denotes an anti-Semitic attack, a violent riot against the Jewish population.

Rabbi / rabbi

In German: "my teacher". The rabbi is at the head of a community. He has an advisory, pastoral and instructing function.

Sabbath

Weekly public holiday and rest day for Jews, which lasts from Friday to Saturday evening.

Seder plate

Cult plate for the Passover festival.

Sephardim

Name for the Jews from Spain and Portugal and their descendants.

Shoah

The Hebrew name for the Holocaust, the murder of millions of Jews under National Socialism.

Sukkot

Sukkot is the Jewish Feast of Tabernacles, with which the Jews commemorate the 40 years of wandering through the desert that followed the Israelites' exodus from Egypt. Sukkot takes place five days after the day of atonement, Yom Kippur, in the Jewish month of Tishri (September / October).

Talmud

The interpretation, commentary and completion of the Torah by rabbinical scholars.

Tallith

Jewish prayer shawl.

Tefillin

Phylacteries made of leather. Male Jews put it on for everyday prayer, put it around the arm seven times and then wrap it three times around the hand and middle finger. The tefillin also includes prayer pods that are worn near the heart and on the forehead. In the capsules there are texts from the Torah.

Torah

Holy Jewish Scripture with the five books of Moses (in Christianity: part of the Old Testament).