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Castration of female and male cats

First of all, we would like to explain the two terms "castration" and "sterilization", as these two terms always cause confusion:

The Hormonal glands removed ? thus the ovaries in the female and the testes in the male animals. As a result, the female has no cycle symptoms - the so-called heatiness - and the male is much less aggressive towards other cats.

This term is often wrongly used for the castration of female animals. When sterilizing it will be the fallopian tubes or the vas deferens only tied off, whereby reproduction is made impossible, but in the female cats the unpleasant symptoms of heat and the hormone-controlled territorial behavior of the male animals are preserved.

It follows that in veterinary medicine, both male and female animals are castrated.

There are many advantages in favor of castration:

  • Sexually mature cats leave traces: Above all, non-neutered male cats, but also some female animals zealously mark their territory with their urine and do not stop at expensive carpets and furniture. With the castration this unpleasant behavior is put to an end.
  • Neutered animals live less stressful: An uncastrated female cat keeps getting in heat again and again? even if it does not come outside. If it is not covered, it can even lead to so-called? Permanent curl? come. In this state, the animals often refuse to feed because of all the stress and are very restless and nervous because they are urgently looking for a suitable partner. Your uncastrated male is also much more restless and much more aggressive towards other cats. The risk of injury increases during fights, since defending one's own territory is a central issue in everyday life for cats. Castration prevents this stress and castrated animals go through life much more carefree.
  • You see the neutered four-legged friends more often: Your four-legged friend will be more at home, because neutered animals roam less. They are no longer constantly looking for a suitable reproductive partner and are more likely to stay close to their home.
  • Castration as a health factor: By removing the hormonal glands, unpleasant or even serious diseases are prevented or the risk of developing them is reduced (e.g. breast tumors, uterine infections, testicular tumors, ...). Studies have shown that castrated animals can live twice as old compared to uncastrated animals!
  • Castration and animal welfare: A cat litter consists of four puppies on average. Remember that you as the owner of animals must also take care of these animals and that they too will become sexually mature and fertile again. Without neutering, the cats continue to reproduce, and mathematically, a pair of cats can produce around 13,000 offspring within five years!

Cats become Sexually mature between the 6th and 10th month of life. In the case of purely indoor cats, you can wait for this point in time, as unwanted pregnancy is not possible. Nevertheless, the animals should not be exposed to unnecessary hormonal stress for too long.

With animals that are allowed outside, it is better not to wait so long. It is better to operate on female cats earlier than later, as the signs of the first heat are sometimes overlooked and the often very young animals suddenly come home from their forays pregnant.

This is how a castration works:


As with any operation, your four-legged friend has to be sober! This means that he can have his last meal at least 12 hours before the surgery. Water must be freely available to the animals until the end.

As before any anesthesia, your animal will be thoroughly examined. If the cat is capable of anesthesia, the anesthetic is administered to him with a syringe. Only when the anesthesia is fully effective does the surgeon's work begin. First, the hair is removed from the scrotum and then the skin is washed and disinfected. Then the scrotum is opened and both testicles are freely dissected. The spermatic cord is tied off on both sides, severed and then the testicles are removed. In most veterinary practices, the castration wound is not sewn because the edges of the wound stick together very quickly. The scrotum recedes within a few weeks.

  •   Castration at the female:

As with the hangover, the queen is examined carefully before the operation and only then is the anesthetic injected. Once the cat has reached the operational stage, the underside of the abdomen is shaved and disinfected. Then the abdominal cavity is opened with a small incision, both ovaries and part of the uterus are placed in front, tied off and removed. The abdominal wall is closed again at the end of the surgical procedure. These sutures must be removed by your vet after 10 days.

After the operation:

On the day of castration, the animals need strict rest and warmth. That means that outdoorsmen also have to stay at home. Prepare a cozy place for your loved one who has undergone surgery, where they can sleep in peacefully. You will see that the next day your four-legged friend will be much better and the exertions of the previous day are almost forgotten!