How could you expand the word sex?
Here are some tips that you can implement right away. The quotations listed for clarification come from experts who speak from their own experience.
Tips for one-on-one meetings
1. Know yourself! As a health care professional, you have own values and standards. Your upbringing also plays a role. This is not a problem. If they are aware of it, you can avoid your personal beliefs influencing the discussion. You should also be careful about how you feel uncomfortable and try not to avoid such feelings. (Averill, S., 2010)
2. Most of the patients tell them it prefer the health care worker to begin talking about sexuality as if they had to address the issue themselves. Doctors think conversations about sex are too intimate. They feel that this is an issue that is too much a part of patients' personal lives. But patients often don't see it that way. In an American study of 500 adult patients, 2/3 of the people questioned said that they would not start a conversation about sex because they thought the doctor would be embarrassed to talk about sex. (Marwick, C., 1999)
“People often do not speak spontaneously about sexual health. So it is important that they find a start. One can bring the conversation to sexual health on so many topics. For example: accommodation, friendship, leisure and life planning. "
"When you start talking about sexual health, you often find that the other person is telling you about their own situation without prompting."
3. Talking about sex isn't the same as offering treatment, however above all, it means providing information and raising awareness. So you don't have to know everything about sexuality and you don't have to have a solution for every problem.
h4>"It's a bit of a cliché, but most of all patients need someone to listen to them. It's about much more than something that helps them or offers good advice."
4. Never judge. A judgment about sex can very quickly become painful for the other or lead to counter-accusations. So be aware of that.
"Accept the person in front of you for themselves, even if they made a choice you would never make."
5. Create your own glossary of wordsthat are easy to understand and make you feel good about. You can use the dictionary on zanzu.be for this.
"Of course it helps that I'm from North Africa, because that means that I am absolutely aware of which words my Moroccan clients could misunderstand or even seem threatening."
6. Invite your client to ask questionsfor which there was no opportunity before. Make it clear to your client that he / she can rely on you for questions about sex. You should be aware of what is important to your client, and Put your own interests aside. Don't get into a discussion too quickly. Mention that you are confidential.
7. Practice creates masters. Practice asking questions and how to deal with any unfamiliar feeling you may have from asking questions or listening to the answers. (Averill, S)
“It's easier to talk about sexual health than professionals think. We often see obstacles that are not really there. "
Tips for group discussions
1. Basically there is not much difference between talking about sex in a multicultural group and a “white / Flemish” group. In the beginning, it's a little embarrassing for people from any culture to talk about sex. When it comes to sexuality, people from different cultures have a lot in common. It is always better to start with this common ground than with cultural differences.
“I actually go about a relationships and sex education lesson for a multicultural group the same way I do a non-multicultural group. In both groups, the most important thing is that the participants feel safe and that you use methods that encourage them to participate. "
2. Provide a safe and secure environment make appointments. You can use the PICKASOLL method for this.
3. Develop Your own language for talking about sexuality and relationshipsYou can use the dictionary on zanzu.be to create your own list of words.
"It is an art to talk normally and naturally about sexuality in a group, just as you might talk about healthy eating."
“It is important that you look for a common language when you talk about this subject. Participants may not understand the word "penis" but understand the word "cock". Teach them the socially acceptable words so that they can use them in appropriate situations. "
4. Avoid general discussions about cultural differences. These conversations often make participants feel like they need to defend their culture. This leads to participants being distracted from what they are feeling and what questions they have. This means that a group discussion about sexuality can be a missed opportunity. An open discussion about personal experiences can work well. By doing this, you can ask questions like, “How is this for you? Where did you get information from when you were little? How did you talk to your family about it? ”.
5. People with one strongly community-centered cultural background are more likely to use the pronoun “we” in a conversation. For example, "we believe virginity is important". You can expand these questions by asking how the person is dealing with it rather than what they think about it.
6. Have a discussion with the group, but leave it whenever possible Your personal experiences, examples and opinions aside.
“As an education specialist, you create a secure framework in which people can learn from others first. This is known as “creating the environment”. In my opinion, if you talk about your own life, you risk losing that role. So I'm very careful about that. "
7. Deploy the groupbecause participants learn more from each other than from an advisor. Use interactive methods such as In the Feathers, the Grab Bag (bags filled with contraceptives) and guessing games.
“Do you have an educational lesson or discussion about sexuality? It's difficult the first time, but then it's really fun. "
8. Give the participants the Chance to ask personal questions one by one, for example during a break or at the end.
"It is important to allow time for individual and personal questions after the educational lesson, as a sexual health lesson can raise many questions."
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