The way to keep the lawn good
How to make your lawn "very British"
For many Britons, gardening is a national asset. This also includes an English lawn. It is the epitome of the dense, lush green, weed and moss-free green in the garden. He is also in great demand with us. Ten expert tips for the perfect English lawn.
The fewer flower beds adorn a garden and the more lawn there is, the more garden enthusiast attaches importance to the quality of the green area. It should be velvety soft, densely overgrown and lush green. And it should also be able to withstand a little. The English lawn corresponds to all of these. Its short grass is suitable as an ornamental or landscape lawn as well as a play or sports lawn. Regardless of how it is used, there is one thing that it definitely does: a lot of work.
But we can assure you: With our tips everyone can create a beautiful, well-kept lawn that comes very close to the English one.
Did you know that...
... the palace gardens in Laxenburg (Lower Austria) and the palace gardens in Eckartsau (Lower Austria) are each designed in the style of an English landscape garden?
Why is it even called "English lawn"?
In England and the rest of the British Isles, weather conditions are ideal for green spaces. Winters are usually mild and summers are not as dry and hot as in mainland Europe. Evenly distributed rainfall over the year and the permanently humid air allow grasses to thrive in abundance. Like the English roses, the English lawn is a classic in garden design worldwide. However, the English lawn in particular is not an easy pupil elsewhere: Due to the different weather conditions in this country, it often has no chance in our gardens.
You can recognize good lawn seeds by the abbreviation "RSM" (regular seed mixture) on the packaging. Also make sure that the seed mixture consists of only three to four types of grass and adapt it to the intended use (ornamental lawn, shadow lawn, etc.).
The best seeds are just good enough
But biologists and botanists have also developed seed mixtures for our latitudes, which - assuming good garden soil and care - enable us to have beautiful lawns. High-quality lawn seeds are a mixture of particularly vigorous grasses that form a dense sward. Resistant varieties usually contain ryegrass, red fescue and fescue, ostrich grass varieties and meadow panicles. Finer grasses are used for ornamental lawns, e.g. B. white and red ostrich grass, Horst red fescue and hair-leaved fescue. These fine-leaved species increase the demands on care. There is one more thing to keep in mind: cheap lawn seeds will never turn into an English lawn. The grass may grow quickly, but it won't become dense - so there is a clear field for weeds and moss! In addition, cheap seeds are not heat-resistant.
A perfect lawn is welding work
The maintenance requirements are the same for all mixtures. And this has it all, if you want to have a nice English lawn. On the one hand, it has to be mowed regularly - at least twice a week when it is growing. By no means too short - one is optimal Cutting height four centimeters, in the case of great heat six centimeters. On the other hand, the English lawn needs sufficient fertilizer and water. How much water can be found with the easy-to-use spade test. Use a straight spade to prick an inverted pyramid out of the ground, lift it up and see how far the water has actually penetrated the ground after irrigation. 10 cm and more soaked soil is ideal.
These nutrients are part of fertilizing your lawn:
- Nitrogen (leaf growth)
- Phosphorus (root growth)
- Iron and magnesium (green color)
- Potassium (resistance)
Autumn fertilization is a must!
A look at the garden calendar in September / October reveals that lawn fertilization is due, because the grasses used a lot of energy and nutrients throughout the summer months and are depleted. No normal lawn fertilizer is used, but autumn fertilizer. It contains a lot of potassium, which ensures that the grasses are more resistant and frost-resistant and that snow mold (= fungal disease) is prevented. And something else can be prevented if you fertilize enough: clover in the lawn. On mild days, you should also remove the moss again and sprinkle compost on it. If you have big problems with moss in your lawn, you always mix a third to half quartz sand into the compost soil (available in stores as "lawn sand"). This promotes ventilation and prevents waterlogging.
Activate the soil with organic fertilizers
So that walking barefoot and playing in the meadow is possible without restrictions, no mineral fertilizers (especially not with weed killers) should be used in the home garden. The alternative, organic lawn fertilizer, is now available in large numbers. It builds up soil, makes the earth crumbly, gently supplies the lawn roots with nutrients and has a particularly long-lasting effect.
A (more expensive) alternative: So-called “lawn patches” or “lawn pads” contain not only seeds but also soil and (artificial) fertilizers. Here, too, it is important to ensure that the lawn is well watered.
No more "balding"
The new organic fertilizers, which also contain a lawn seed, are particularly practical to mend bald spots in the lawn. Early autumn (but also spring) is a good time to clean up these "bald patches" in the lawn. Where a lawn has become bare, the soil is loosened, three to four centimeters pierced and the soil improved with a little sand and compost. Then you scatter the (quality) seeds. This is only sprinkled superficially and pressed firmly. It is particularly important to keep the lawn well moist for the next two to three weeks.
10 tips for your perfect English lawn:
- The best time to plant an English lawn is in spring, when the last frosts are over. But you can also create the lawn in autumn.
- Carefully remove weeds from the subsoil, loosen it and then rake it smooth again. Use a motor hoe for large areas. In the garden, it is sufficient to mill in the top 15 to 20 centimeters of lawn quartz and compost.
- Sow the seeds densely and evenly. Corresponding auxiliary devices (spreader) can be found in every garden center or hardware store.
- Lawn seeds are light germs and must not be completely covered with soil, but be careful: they are a welcome treat for our feathered friends!
- The soil must be watered regularly, especially in the first time after sowing.
- If fertilizer has not already been added to the seed, it should be fertilized regularly right from the start. Note the descriptions on the manufacturer's packaging.
- As soon as the stalks have reached a height of about six to eight centimeters, the first time is mowed. And preferably with a roller mower. It cuts the stalks perfectly and does not tear them out. The ideal cutting height is four to five centimeters.
- You can achieve the effect of an English lawn by mowing in straight lines. Remove the clippings with a leaf brush. That lifts the sward. This is followed by a second cut at a 90 ° angle.
- The lawn is scarified in spring. A suitable device can be borrowed from the hardware store. Any existing moss must be completely removed. If this has resulted in bald spots, they should be re-sown and fertilized immediately. Or you can give your lawn a cure right away.
- Water regularly! The top soil layer must not dry out completely, but neither should puddles remain.
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