Who owns the Moscow Times
Russia wants to facilitate the return of migrants in order to support its economy
The coronavirus pandemic has resulted in a decline in the foreign workforce in many areas of Russia's economy. As a result, the Ministry of Construction and Housing announced a new entry system for migrants. This decision could also benefit some countries in Central Asia.
The following article originally appeared on the French version of Novastan.
The coronavirus pandemic shows its side effects once again. In Russia's construction industry in particular, but also in other sectors, there were layoffs of migrant workers who worked there, after which they left the Russian Federation and returned to their home countries. In the case of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, where migrants remit almost a third of the gross domestic product (GDP) to their families remaining in the country, this has had particularly serious consequences.
Novastan is the only German-language news magazine about Central Asia. We work on a club basis and Thanks to your participation. We are independent and want to stay that way, that's why we need you! Through every little one donation you help us to continue to convey a realistic picture of Central Asia.
However, this situation could change. On January 18, the Russian foreign medium Sputnik reported that Vladimir Putin had set himself the goal of eliminating the labor shortage caused by emigration. As the Russian news portal Fergana News, which specializes in Central Asia, reported, Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin said that housing construction and public services were particularly affected “Muscovites are not ready to work in such jobs”.
Number of migrants halved
According to the International Organization for Migration, there were around 12 million migrants in Russia at the beginning of 2020. A year later, in January 2021, it was only 6.3 million, writes the Russian newspaper The Moscow Times. The Russian news agency TASS quoted Deputy Prime Minister Marat Chusnullin as saying that almost 1.5 million foreign workers were missing. The entry restrictions into the Russian Federation have prevented many migrants from returning to work.
Read also on Novastan: The Moscow Dream
The anthropologist Sergei Abashin suspects in an article published on the website Liberal.ru that the number of Kazakh citizens working in Russia has decreased by almost 33 percent and that of Kyrgyz nationals by 20 percent. The total number of citizens living in Russia from countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) fell from 8.5 million to 6.2 million people.
As a result, Russia's Minister of Construction and Housing Irek Fajsullin announced on January 22nd that it would set up a commission in coordination with the business community to recruit foreign workers. Russian companies only need to submit their application to the ministry. However, two construction companies have already anticipated this process: PIK-Industry and TekhStroy want to recruit around 14,000 Uzbek people, reported the Uzbek news portal Podrobno.uz on January 15th. Bricklayers, welders, electricians and foundries are particularly popular.
An economic and political challenge
In Tajikistan, according to a report by Asia-Plus, a partnership with the Asian Development Bank is to be established "Improving professional skills and job opportunities" enable. The deputy Tajik finance minister said, according to Sputnik, that 34.65 million US dollars (28.5 million euros) will be invested in the training of migrant workers.
Read also on Novastan: Russia: Central Asian migrants as whipping boys
Labor migration is of great importance for both Russia and the Central Asian countries themselves. According to the French Ministry of Finance, 1.2 million Tajik nationals lived in Russia in 2019, which is 13 percent of the total Tajik population. The income transfers amounted to almost 2.6 billion US dollars (2.14 billion euros) and thus 33 percent of the Tajik GDP in 2019. The Tajiks working in Russia are therefore vital for their homeland. However, as Sputnik reports, according to the Tajik statistical authority, a 67 percent decrease in transfers was recorded in 2020.
Fancy Central Asia in your mailbox? Subscribe to our free weekly newsletter with one click.
Remittances from Russia also play an important role for Uzbekistan. The American Institute for War and Peace Reporting came to the conclusion that 2 million Uzbek migrant workers send around 4 billion US dollars (3.29 billion euros) home every year.
Mathis Puyo, editor for Novastan
Translated from the French by Robin Roth
You can find even more Central Asia on our social media channels, take a look at Twitter, Facebook, Telegram, Linkedin or Instagram. For Central Asia, you can also register for our weekly newsletter directly in your mailbox.
- SEO Services What is Image Optimization
- What is the current rating of SimilarWeb
- Is glycolysis an aerobic or anaerobic process
- Who is known as the first YouTuber
- How is the food quality in IITs
- Is a fan base and follower synonymous with cult
- Why do we need physics
- Are the alpha generations raised among overprotective parents?
- Which cmd commands are used when hacking
- What are dynamic variables
- What is a Schwi sound
- What's the scariest room in your house
- What is an ecommerce churn rate
- How should a cover letter be written
- Microsoft SQL Azure connections
- Why isn't Illustrator responding
- Where do intelligent people make friends?
- Why does Krishna not realize that he is Krishna?
- How much equity do venture capitalists want
- Are language and communication synonymous
- Vultures attack live cattle
- Why move healthily
- How do identity and individuality differ?
- A narcissist has self-respect
- What only a pet knows
- What is an absolute mistake
- Why should we learn from ancient scriptures
- How is life at the University of Stuttgart
- How did toilets work in ancient Greece
- How does Zebpay Bitcoin work
- What is complexity in computer science
- Could the Vietnamese regain their high culture?
- Why is MCI being taught