Why is art pretty
Heinrich H bsch (born February 9, 1795 in Weinheim; April 3, 1863 in Karlsruhe), architect and grand ducal building director in Karlsruhe.
Heinrich H bsch grew up in Weinheim an der Bergstra e as the son of the royal Thurn and Taxic postal administrator Karl Samuel H bsch. After attending the grammar school in Darmstadt, which was then under the direction of the pedagogue I.G. Zimmermann, Heinrich H bsch enrolled at the University of Heidelberg in the spring of 1813, where he studied philosophy and mathematics. The student's scientific training did not satisfy the student; rather, his interest in art awakened through his occupation with works by Goethe and Schlegel as well as the old German painting collection of the brothers Sulpiz and Melchior Boisser e.
After joining Friedrich Weinbrenner's building school in Karlsruhe in 1815, H bsch first had to put aside his own artistic ambitions. In 1817 he went on a trip to Italy, where he lived for three years, preferably in Rome, the center of German art life. H bsch studied ancient architecture and, after traveling to Athens and Constantinople in 1819, published two works in Heidelberg in 1822 on Greek architecture. More important for its development, however, was dealing with the artists living in Rome.
In Rome, H bsch also got to know the early Christian basilicas, in which he recognized models for his own work. The Gothic of Upper and Central Italy, which he found incomplete in comparison with the German Gothic on the outward journey, gained decisive importance for him on his return home.
In 1820 H bsch passed the state examination with Friedrich Weinbrenner and returned to Rome in 1822 to complete his studies because there was no suitable field of activity for him in Karlsruhe. On the recommendation of the historian B hmer, in the spring of 1824 he got a job as a teacher at the trade school of the newly founded St delschen Institute in Frankfurt. 1829) and the orphanage in Frankfurt (1826-1829) made a name for himself in the Baden state service.
In 1832, H bsch was appointed head of the Karlsruhe Building School, where he taught until 1854 - at times together with Friedrich Eisenlohr. As Weinbrenner's successor in the management of Baden's building management, he was the leading architect of the Grand Duchy of Baden until his death in 1863.
The main works include the main building of the university (formerly the Polytechnic School, 1833-1835), the Kunsthalle (1837-1846) and the theater (1851-1853, destroyed 1944) in Karlsruhe, the Baden-Baden drinking hall ( 1837-1840), men’s penitentiary in Bruchsal (1841-1848), the main church in Wuppertal - Unterbarmen (1828-32), the western building of the Speyer Cathedral (1848-1853) and the church of St. Ludwig in Ludwigshafen am Rhein. The tower needle of the Konstanzer Münster (1851-1853) was also made with H bsch's approval, but it is not known whether he also provided the design for it.
Nice as an architectural theorist
In his architectural theoretical text "In which style should we build?" In 1828 he reckons with the classicist architecture of the early 19th century. The question "In which style should we build?" he was sure of his answer. The modern round arch style that represented his program hardly left a free choice between equivalent alternatives. Nonetheless, his question clearly puts into words the problem that first appeared in art history in the 19th century. The moment the question was asked, it became more and more meaningful and it became more and more difficult to answer it unequivocally. The epoch of historicism, which regarded the classicism of the early 19th century as cold and poor, borrowed from all epochs of Western art and, the older the century became, made use of an increasingly lush formal language .
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