Officers general wear badges

encyclopedia

This is a table of the Ranks and insignia of the Canadian Armed Forces. Since the Canadian Armed Forces are officially bilingual, the ranks of the French language are shown after English (in italics).

Commander in Chief Insignia [edit]

The Commander in Chief of the Canadian Armed Forces (French: Commander en chief des Forces armées canadiennes) Badge of rank is a special sleeve braid that is decorated with the coat of arms of the Royal Arms of Canada. The same embroidered coat of arms is worn on the shoulder straps.[1]

The rank insignia for the commander in chief of the navy, the army and the air force.

Officer rank insignia [edit]

Badges of rank for NCOs in the Navy, Army and Air Force.

Badge of rank for NCOs (NCM) [edit]

Badges of rank for NCOs in the Navy, Army and Air Force. NCM rank insignia for the rank of NCO 1st Class / Warrant Officer and above are worn on the lower sleeve, while those for the rank of NCO 2nd Class / Sergeant and below are worn on the upper arm. The Royal Canadian Navy has instructed its personnel to use the English rank titles for OR-1 through OR-5, but they are not yet in effect under the National Defense Act as they have not yet been updated in the Queen's Regulations and Orders issued by the governor-in-council.[2]

Senior NCM dates [edit]

The rank insignia for high-ranking NCM appointments for the Navy, the Army or the Air Force.

Rank slip-ons [edit]

The tables above describe the badges of rank that are worn on the uniform jacket. On DEU shirts, sweaters and outerwear; and operational shirts and jackets, badges of rank are worn on slip-ons with the word “CANADA” or a regimental / branch title embroidered underneath. The flag / general officers' slip-ons only include the crown, crossed saber and staff, and the maple leaves that are worn on the shoulder straps. They do not include the braid worn on the sleeve. In the Army NCM slip-ons for DEU shirts, sweaters and outerwear, only the word “CANADA” or a regimental / branch title is displayed. Instead, badges of rank are worn as enameled metal pins on collar points or lapels.

Service strip [edit]

From 1955 to 1968 militiamen were allowed to wear service badges on the right jacket sleeve.[3][4] Every two years of service there were one to five silver chevrons on a dreary background or a maple leaf in silver thread on a dreary circle of fabric to represent 10 years of service. Chevron dots were worn either up or down; Even official documents and photos were confused on the matter. Further awards after 10 years were covered by the Canadian Forces Decoration, which was awarded after 12 years and then capped every 10 years.

Qualifying service could include previous active service in the active reserves of the Royal Canadian Navy and Royal Canadian Air Force, or in the regular or territorial armed forces of another Commonwealth member state. Service in units of the Canadian Reserve (such as the Regular Reserve, Additional Reserve, and Reserve Militia) did not count. The allocation of service strips was discontinued in 1968 after the unification of the Canadian Armed Forces.

Canadian Army Distinction Corps Badge

Each branch or corps of the Canadian Army uses a specific color. They are only valid for officers and are marked by colored borders with badges of rank on DEU shirt and pullover slip-ons as well as on trade fair clothing.[5][6][7]

Distinctive rank names [edit]

Some branches and regiments use different job titles for individuals in these regiments:

Additionally, the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery uses "Bombardier" for corporals. In the guard regiments, warrant officers are known as "color sergeants" and second lieutenants are known as "ensigns".

Sleeve variant of LCdr (medical)

With the exception of those who purchased the Canadian Armed Forces' mess dress between 1968 and 2010, naval officers on mess uniforms always wore the badges for the curl rank of the Royal Navy (see rank badges for officers of the Royal Navy). The color designations for specialist officers are not used, except for naval doctors, who can use a variant of the standard rank slippers and epaulets that have a scarlet background between the gold mesh of their insignia of rank and naval officer (nurse), pharmacy officers, health administration officials , Social Work Officials, Physiotherapy Officials, and Life Sciences Officials) whose epaulets have a dull cherry-red background between the stripes of their rank.

Restoration of the rank and insignia of the Royal Canadian Navy [edit]

When the Canadian Navy was formed in 1910, it was natural to use the same straight rings with the executive bell for the permanent Navy, which in August 1911 became the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN), and then the "wavy" rings for the Royal Canadian Naval Volunteer Reserve (RCNVR) and the rings made of narrow, interwoven gold lace for the Royal Canadian Navy Reserve (RCNR). Other variations of the rank insignia included sky blue tipped with a diamond-shaped loop for officers of the Royal Canadian Naval Service for women and guaranteed officers of the Royal Canadian Sea Cadet Corps, who had a small anchor in place of the executive bell.

After World War II, the Royal Canadian Navy was reorganized with a single reserve component. In 1946, the distinctive wavy gold braid of the reserves gave way to the straight, braided executive branch of the regular armed forces by 1968. With the integration of the Canadian armed forces, the sea element was designated as the Canadian Forces Maritime Command. The straight braid, without make-up, became the common badge of rank for officers of both regular and reserve forces. The Executive Curl Rank insignia was in constant use in the Royal Canadian Navy, but from 1968 to 2010 they could only be seen on Navy Mess Dress.

On March 5, 2010, the House of Commons passed a motion (submitted by Guy Lauzon)[8]) recommend putting the Executive Curl back into Canadian naval uniform. In recognition of the Canadian Navy's centenary, Minister for National Defense Peter MacKay approved the use of the executive bell for the Canadian Navy on May 2, 2010. The insignia went into effect on June 11, 2010 on the occasion of the Pacific Canada's Naval International Fleet Review Parade of Nations in Victoria, BC[9][10]

More than 54 countries, including Canada and 18 other of the 22 Commonwealth of Nations, use the insignia. Most Marines that do not use Executive Curl insignia replace a star or other national device over the top tier, such as the United States Navy and the French Navy.

Timeline of changes (sleeves only) [edit]

Restoration of the Ranks and Insignia of the Canadian Army

Defense Minister Peter MacKay announced on July 8, 2013 the intention to reintroduce the insignia of senior officers in the Canadian Army.[11] Instead of the badges of rank with sleeve stripes that have been used since the unification, the officers used the older St. Edward’s Crown and Star of the Order of the Bath badges, commonly referred to as “Pips and Crowns”.[12] The traditional gorget spots have also been restored for officers of the rank of colonel or higher.[13] The reintroduced badges for officers instead had the badges of the brigadier general before 1920 (crossed saber and staff) rather than using the current British badges of rank for brigadiers (used in the Canadian Army until 1968).


In 2017 the Bath Star (above) was replaced by the Vimy Star.

On April 2, 2016, the Canadian Army Commander announced that officers-general would return to the unification-era badges of rank worn between 1968 and 2013. These rank insignia are based on the rank insignia of the Royal Canadian Navy. The rank insignia of the officers general now consist of a crown, a crossed saber and a baton, as well as a row of maple leaves on the shoulder straps. In addition, officers general wear a wide gold ribbon on each of the lower sleeves of the service dress tunic.[14]

On the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Vimy Ridge on April 9, 2017, the Bath Star Pip was replaced by the “Vimy Star”. It shows a maple leaf and is surrounded by the Latin motto vigilamus pro te (“We are on our guard for you”). Appointed officers of the House Guard Regiments (Governor General's Foot Guards, Canadian Grenadier Guards, and Governor General's Horse Guards) and Army personnel stationed with the Seasonal Ceremonial Guard use the guard star in place of the Vimy star on their shoulder boards.

Timeline of changes [edit]

Restoration of the rank and insignia of the Royal Canadian Air Force [edit]

In April 2015[15] The Royal Canadian Air Force adopted new rank insignia, reminiscent of the RCAF system prior to unification. The officers' new rank insignia use pearl gray-on-black rank stripes instead of gold. The badges of rank of NCOs (NCMs) are pearl gray instead of gold. The color gold found elsewhere on the uniform has also been changed to pearl gray. The air force rank of a private individual, which was previously indicated by a chevron, became an aviator (Fr: Aviateur) and is indicated by a horizontally aligned two-blade propeller. All other rank titles remain unchanged.[16]

Timeline of changes [edit]

Mess dress [edit]

In contrast to the Royal Canadian Navy and the Canadian Army, the ranks of the officers of the Royal Canadian Air Force follow the pattern of the Navy, without the executive branch curling up. Officers general do not wear shoulder straps with this dress code.

See also [edit]

References [edit]

  1. ^Ministry of National Defense, Canadian Forces Dress Instructions(PDF), Queen’s Printer for Canada, pp. 3–7-3, archived from the original (PDF) on July 21, 2011, accessed November 15, 2010
  2. ^Defense, National (Aug. 8, 2014). “QR&O: Volume I - Chapter 3 Rank, Seniority, Command, and Priority”. aem. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
  3. ^Service strip
  4. ^Grimshaw, Lou. Military Collector’s Club of Canada magazine (Spring 1997 edition)
  5. ^11110-1 (G7-4), Feb. 26, 2014, WORK ORDER - CANADIAN ARMY IDENTITY B. CAO 33-19 - PUBLIC FUNDING TO RESTORE CA CORPS IDENTITY
  6. ^CAO 33-19 - PUBLIC FUNDING TO RESTORE THE IDENTITIES OF CA CORPS
  7. ^CFSS Materiel Authorization (D01102CFS) - ARMY BASIC CLOTH REGULAR & RESERVE, 20161005
  8. ^"Guy Lauzon on the Canadian Navy". Hansard. March 5, 2010. Retrieved January 10, 2011.
  9. ^Quirk. B. (May 03, 2010). "The Navy is celebrating its centenary by restoring historical insignia."The globe and the post. Retrieved on: June 20, 2010.
  10. ^National Defense Canada. Daily Archive Photo Archived June 9, 2011 on the Wayback machine. Retrieved on: June 20, 2010.
  11. ^"Canada Restores Historic Features of the Canadian Army". Ministry of National Defense. July 8, 2013. Archived from the original on July 14, 2013. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
  12. ^“Restoring the Historical Identity of the Canadian Army”. The Ministry of National Defense. July 8, 2013. Archived from the original on July 14, 2013. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
  13. ^Pugliese, David (July 8, 2013). "The government intends to return the Canadian Army insignia, names and badges to their traditional forms." The citizen of Ottawa. Archived from the original on July 14, 2013. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
  14. ^"Canadian Army Announces Changes to Officer General Insignia". Ministry of National Defense. April 2, 2016. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
  15. ^Pugliese, David (September 24, 2014). “New RCAF insignia and rank colors only available in March 2015”. Citizen of Ottawa. Retrieved September 24, 2014.
  16. ^unknown (September 21, 2014). “New Uniform for the Royal Canadian Air Force”. Government of Canada. Retrieved September 24, 2014.
  17. ^CAP 6 Dress Orders for the Royal Canadian Air Force. Ottawa: RCAF, 1958. pp. 3-62.

External links [edit]