Can I plant tomatoes in August

Plant tomatoes outdoors

When planting tomatoes outdoors, mild temperatures are critical to the success of the later harvest. Tomato plants do not tolerate frost, so you should only start planting outdoors after the ice saints (May 12th to 15th). Then the soil has warmed up to 13 to 15 degrees and the tomatoes can grow optimally.

Planting tomatoes: sowing the tomato seeds

First grow the tomato seedlings indoors in individual pots or seed trays. The ideal time to sow is Late March / early April. For this you need:

• High quality seeds
• Cultivation soil
• Cultivation pots / seed trays (alternatively: egg carton)

Sow the tomato seeds thinly in the Growing pots and place it on a light window sill at around 18 to 20 degrees Celsius. A heated small greenhouse is also very suitable for this. Keep the soil moist at all times, and the tomato seeds will begin to germinate after about 8 days.

After further three weeks the tomato seedlings have developed their first two pairs of leaves. Now place the individual seedlings in pots that are approx. 10 cm in size. Water the young tomato plants regularly and let them dry for a short time just before planting them out in order to stimulate root growth.

Planting tomatoes: moving outdoors

Before moving outdoors, it is important to think about the location of the tomato plants. It is important to protect the plants from the cold, strong wind and rain. These requirements are met, for example, by a sunny place in front of a wall that even reflects heat.

Tomatoes are one of the few crops that do not change location every year must: As long as they thrive healthily, they can stay in the same regular place for years. But you should no nightshades or potatoes in the immediate vicinity to the tomatoes, these have a negative effect on the growth of the tomatoes due to their strong soil leaching. Before planting tomatoes, the soil should be as nutritious, fresh and permeable as possible.

Note: A tomato house from a specialist store also offers good protection from rain and wind. The open side must face away from the weather side, so in our part of the world it must not point to the west. Houses that are closed all around or special tomato hoods for outdoors are not recommended as permanent protection from rain because of the condensation and the increased risk of fungal infections.

In order to finally transplant the tomato plants into the garden, they have to be robust enough to withstand the weather conditions there. To realize this there is concrete characteristics:

• Size or height of the plants from 30 to 40 centimeters
• Beginning of the formation of the first flower umbels
• If possible, no or only a very low degree of gelation (side shoots)

Plant the young tomato plants as deep as possible in the garden soil. To do this, first remove the lower leaves and leave only the top four. This allows many new roots to develop in the soil on the stalk. In addition, the deep roots can still absorb water even when it is dry.

Danger! In the case of processed tomatoes, the root ball should just be visible.

To ensure the ventilation of the soil, plant the tomatoes with a wide planting distance of at least 50 x 60 centimeters into the earth. Fill the planting hole with compost. Then water the tomato plants heavily so as not to water in the following days. In this way, root growth is stimulated again.

Planting tomatoes: caring for the tomato plants

In order for beautiful tomatoes to grow on your plants, you have to regularly remove the side shoots. This process is called pricking out. Only in this way can the main stem of the tomato and the fruits grow evenly and strongly without energy being “diverted” to the stingy shoots. Break off the stinging shoots growing out of the leaf axils with your hands and remove yellow, dried up or diseased leaves at the same time.

How much it is exhausted depends on the variety from: Cocktail tomatoes can easily remain multi-shoot, even some bush-shaped growing varieties do not need to be pinched off.

Always water the tomato plants directly at the root area. This will prevent you Fungal diseases like late blight and brown rot. In addition, every tomato plant needs a climbing aid so that the main stem of the tomato can grow upwards. Attach the stem to the rod with wire or tape.

Harvest tomatoes

Then remove the inflorescences on the upper tip of the shoot in August. These fruits would no longer ripen by the end of the season and the energy of the tomato plant is concentrated on the remaining fruits. You can harvest the tomatoes between June and October.

Note: Green tomatoes are poisonous due to the alkaloid solanine. This recedes with increasing maturity. Only harvest the tomatoes when they have fully developed their varietal color. Then tomatoes have many healthy minerals in addition to vitamins B and C.

Before the first frosty night in October cut off the remaining, still green fruits and let the tomatoes ripen by keeping them indoors.

Planting peppers

In addition to tomatoes, other vegetables such as peppers and cucumbers can also be grown in the garden. Here are the Site conditions are the same as for tomatoes: Peppers need a lot of sun and also a climbing aid to grow.

Therefore, when growing the pepper seeds and moving them outdoors, proceed in the same way as for tomato plants. However, pepper plants grow more slowly than tomatoes and remain significantly smaller. All types of peppers are generally perennial, but overwintering is only possible in a heated greenhouse or winter garden.

Planting cucumbers

When it comes to cucumbers, a distinction is made between free-range and cucumber. The cucumbers are usually grown in the greenhouse. Both As with peppers, you go for free-range cucumbers in the same way as for tomato plants in front. The specialty here, however, is that cucumbers are only annual plants that initially lie on the ground, then grow up climbing and, depending on the variety, can form shoots one to four meters long.

Read here what else you need to consider when growing cucumbers.

So plan enough space for the cucumber plants (planting distance 100 x 40 cm). So that the cucumber plants grow upwards, you can tie the main shoots to a climbing aid with a cord. A two meter high wire mesh, a comparable trellis or sturdy wooden posts are suitable for this.

By the way:Here you can read what is important when gardening with children.

Read here what else there is to do in the garden in June.