How can Chicago crime be reduced?

Chicago: Murder high continues despite new hardware and software

59 gangs with 625 political groups have exercised an informal parallel rule for generations

Last year Chicago, the third largest city in the United States, had more murders than New York and Los Angeles combined. Until last Sunday, the number of murders this year was 123, a good nine percent lower than in the first three months of the previous year, which police chief Eddie Johnson attributed to 47 percent more arrests for illegal possession of weapons and the use of new software and hardware Among other things, shots are automatically registered and probable crime scenes are forecast, at which the police can then show a greater presence (cf. Does the fight against crime work with big data?).

Then five more murders happened on Thursday alone, before the end of the first quarter: four of them happened in the afternoon at 10 minutes to four in a fast food restaurant in the South Shore neighborhood. The dead there are all young men. The police are not yet aware of the specific motive, but based on the circumstances they assume that it is a gang-related crime. The fifth victim, a woman four months pregnant, was shot in the head a few hours earlier in her apartment in the same district.

Act of revenge by members of the Black P Stones

According to US media reports, the murders in the fast food restaurant were an act of revenge by members of the Black P Stones gang for the killing of a 37-year-old man on the 7900 block of South Phillips Avenue at 11:15 a.m. the previous day. According to the police, gangs are responsible for the lion's share of the murders in the city, which mainly take place in areas in the west and south of the city that are predominantly inhabited by blacks and Latinos.

Until 2012, the Chicago police fought these gangs with a special unit. Then Rahm Emanuel, who was Barack Obama's chief of staff until 2011, became mayor and had this special unit disbanded. Now the new US President Donald Trump threatens him that he will "send the Feds" if Emanuel cannot cope with the "bloodbath" in his city (see "Bloodbath" in Chicago).

Over 90 years of history

What Trump specifically means by the "Feds" is open. For example, special units of the Federal Police FBI, the drug police DEA or the weapons control authority ATF would be conceivable. 90 years ago, the then US federal government even had to use the IRS to bring Chicago gang boss Al Capone (who extensively bribed other security agencies) to justice. His case shows that gangs have a long history in the city. The first major sociological study of this phenomenon, Frederic Milton Thrashers The Gang, appeared 90 years ago, at the time of Prohibition. In the experience of Garry McCarthy, the city's former police chief, gang membership in Chicago is passed down through generations: "Grandfather," says McCarthy, "was a gang member, the father is a gang member - and the child becomes be a gang member ".

There are currently at least 59 large gangs in the "Windy City", which are divided into at least 625 factions and whose informal domains are so neatly separated that maps can be drawn with them. In addition to the Black P Stones mentioned above, the five most important gangs include the Vice Lords, the Latin Kings, the Black Disciples and the Gangster Disciples. The total number of members should be between 70,000 and 125,000.

Business cards, social media videos - and weapons from railroads

Until the 1990s, the gangs in Chicago used business cards that were modeled on those of business people and that are now traded for a lot of money on eBay (as well as old sweaters with gang badges). Today the badges are smeared on walls and objects (to claim territory), tattooed on the skin, or used in social media videos.

The Chicago police chief Eddie Johnson said after Trump's threat with the "Feds" that his local authority was open to "partnerships" with federal agencies like the ATF and to the dispatch of federal attorneys. Mayor Emanuel called on the President to release federal funds for new police stations and tighten gun ownership regulations. The latter is unlikely to happen, given the positions taken by Trump and the Republican Party in the election campaign. It is pointed out there that the gangs from which the violence originates have no legal, but illegal weapons anyway, which they steal on a large scale from rail transports, among other things.

Gang Summit canceled

Dean Angelo Sr., the chief of the Chicago Police Union Fraternal Order of Police, Justice Secretary Jeff Sessions made another suggestion at a meeting last week: He believes the violence will continue until the police get the "green light" from politicians to "take back the street corners". In his experience, "many police officers fear for their jobs if they do their job". With that he plays on SJW groups like Black Lives Matter who in recent years ensured, through sometimes violent protests, that the powers of the police in service instructions were restricted - which led to gang violence increasing, especially in poorer neighborhoods, for whose residents the BLM activists pretended to speak (cf. . Whose Black Lives Matter?).

Another attempt to contain the violence was called off on March 21st: Darell Scott, the pastor of the New Spirit Revival Center in Cleveland Heights, had announced that the most important gang leaders would be brought together to find ways to " Bodycount "to reduce. Corey Brooks, the pastor of New Beginnings Church, accused Scott of raising false hopes because the gangs are no longer tightly hierarchical structures in which the words of a few bosses could bring about peace.

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