What is a bundle on a piece of land
Federal government offers space at a preferential price : Berlin shows little commitment to discounted real estate
The real estate service provider of the federal government (Bima) is currently negotiating with the federal states about the sale of 348 properties that it considers dispensable. According to a list by the Federal Ministry of Finance, most of the federal states have submitted a usage concept, which often involves playgrounds, traffic areas, but above all housing construction. Because apartments are scarce across Germany, the market is tight, rents are rising.
Berlin is also negotiating with the Bima about the purchase of real estate and land owned by the federal government, there are currently 52 in total. But in most cases it is not about residential construction. Only in one case did the State of Berlin tell Bima that it wanted to build apartments on the land to be acquired. This emerges from a response from the Federal Ministry of Finance to a request from FDP member of the Bundestag, Hagen Reinhold.
That is not the only noticeable thing in the federal list of properties that Bima is currently negotiating with the federal states. Rather, it has been shown that all other federal states are very careful to explain their needs to the federal government.
This is because the federal states only benefit from preferential treatment by the federal government, which hides the free market, if they can justify a special municipal interest and explain in a declaration of purpose why the property is particularly useful for urban development.
The determination of the market value and the sale then take place without a regular bidding process. The municipalities should get the land primarily for social housing or charitable purposes. The budget committee of the Bundestag has expressly approved the reduced tax in order to promote social housing.
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To do this, the countries have to meet certain formal conditions and meet deadlines. This includes, for example, a declaration of purpose. In this, the federal states and municipalities must explain what municipal purpose the property is to serve. In a further procedure, a usage concept must be submitted to the federal government so that the market value can only be determined and the purchase price negotiated.
Although Berlin has expressed interest in acquiring 52 properties, it only submitted a declaration of purpose to Bima in seven cases. In other cases, Berlin has submitted a declaration of purpose, but the federal government apparently does not accept it and does not list it. There is no declaration of purpose for 18 federal properties.
All federal states showed commitment, Berlin didn't even do the bare minimum
And in twelve cases it is not even clear what Berlin wants to do with it - a usage concept is missing. In most cases, the content of the usage concept is noted, but according to the list of the Federal Ministry of Finance, nothing has been received. In most fields of the table of the federal government, information on Berlin is missing - in no other federal state is this the case so massively. Rather, according to the list, all federal states tried very hard to provide the necessary information, only Berlin not.
According to the information, Berlin wants to maintain day-care centers, allotment gardens, businesses, green spaces or traffic areas on most federal properties - there is only one case of new apartments.
Christoph Meyer, chairman of the FDP parliamentary group in the budget committee and head of the Berlin Liberals, is surprised. He points out that the six state-owned housing companies have again clearly missed their new construction targets in 2020.
"The Berlin Senate is apparently only hesitantly negotiating additional offers that the federal government is making to the state," complains Meyer. If the red-red-green senate is overwhelmed with the implementation of housing programs, it should forego its first access right , demanded the Berlin FDP boss, so that the land can be sold on the free market and then be built with apartments by private developers.
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Meyer's group colleague Hagen Reinhold recalled that the federal government had promised 1.5 million new apartments by the end of the legislative period. That is still a long way off. “Therefore, the federal government should have an interest in having enough building land available. There must therefore be no special regulations for strolling around the municipalities. "
For Berlin, the non-transfer of land would be particularly embarrassing because the Senate had only pushed through the realignment of the Bima sales policy in collaboration with other SPD-ruled countries in the Bundesrat. The sale of the state-owned Dragoon area in Kreuzberg at the highest price was stopped in 2015, followed by a lengthy debate about the realignment of Bima's sales policy.
Finally, the Federal Ministry of Finance agreed to grant the federal states a kind of right of first refusal with a preferential price. The Dragoon area now belongs to Berlin.
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