How is Jim Corbett Park
Corbett National Park
The Corbett National Park in the state of Uttarakhand is located at the foot of the Himalayas and is the oldest nature and wildlife reserve in Asia. The park is named after the British hunter and later conservationist Jim Corbett, who made a significant contribution to its founding in 1936. Today the area covers around 520 square kilometers and, together with the adjacent Sonanadi sanctuary with almost 300 square kilometers, also forms one of the oldest and largest tiger reserves in the country.
Animals and plants in the Corbett National Park
Almost three quarters of the park is forest area. Sal forests predominate, but so far more than 110 different tree species have been discovered and cataloged in the park. The rest of the area is criss-crossed by grassy areas and small and large rivers. So far there have been a total of almost 500 different plant species in the entire national park. The undisputed main attraction of the park is and remains the Bengal tiger. But leopards and wild elephants can also be discovered on safari.
Best travel time for the Corbett National Park
The best travel time is between November and June. The park is closed to visitors during the rainy season.
Climate and location of the Corbett National Park
Characteristic for the landscape of the park between the foothills of the Himalayas and the Siwaliks are hills with a height of just over 1000m and wide valleys that are just under 350 meters above sea level. The park is crossed by the Ramganga River, which flows into a large lake on the western border of the protected area. The Patli Dun valley with its unique vegetation stretches along the river.
History of the Corbett National Park
As early as the end of the 19th century, the British colonial administration took the first steps towards nature conservation. In 1879 part of today's park was initially declared a forest reserve, in which only limited trees could be felled. In 1907 the area became a hunting ground for the British. In 1936, the then British Governor Sir Malcolm Hailey, largely assisted and influenced by Jim Corbett, founded the Hailey National Park.
It was the first national park in Asia and covered an area of 325 square kilometers. After India's independence, the park was renamed Ramganga National Park in the mid-1950s. It was not until 1957 that the final decision was made on the name Corbett National Park and gradually enlarged over time.
The park has a subtropical to highland climate and, compared to other national parks, pleasantly mild climatic conditions. The temperature in winter can vary between 5 ° C and 30 ° C and in summer it usually never gets hotter than 40 ° C. In the dry season it rains only lightly, but between June and November, during the monsoon season, there can be very heavy rains. That is why the park is only open to visitors during the dry season between November and June.
The more than 50 mammal species in the national park include red fox, red dog, sloth bear, collar bear, great sable, spotted musang, Indian mongoose, bengal cat, muntjac, wild boar, axis deer and many others. Gavial, marsh crocodile and at least 30 other reptile species can be found in the waters. Bird lovers will also get their money's worth, as more than 580 species of birds can be observed in the park.
Tours and accommodations in Corbett National Park
Visitors can explore the park either by jeep or from the back of an elephant. Safaris start either in the early morning or in the late afternoon. For nature conservation and safety reasons, visitors are generally only permitted to move within the national park with a professionally trained nature guide. Then the area can also be explored on foot while trekking. There are also several observation towers within the park for observing the wilderness.
To find out more information about the park, its history, the diversity of flora and fauna or nature conservation, a visit to the visitor center and museum in the park is definitely recommended. There is also a museum about the life and work of Jim Corbett. Accommodation is available at the entrances to the national park, in Dhikala and Gairal. There is also the possibility of camping. A maximum of three nights is generally allowed per visit.
Arrival to the Corbett National Park
The headquarters of the national park is located in the city of Ramnagar. It can be reached by train from Delhi, about 300km away. From there you can get a taxi to Dhilaka and the National Park. Ramnagar can also be easily reached from other parts of India by rail or road.
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