Did the Prophet Muhammad fast
[In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful]
“O family of the Prophet! Allah wants to take away the filth of your sins and make you clean. "
[Sura “Ahzab”, verse 33]
the Muharram is the first month in the Islamic calendar. Our Prophet Muhammad (saas) also called this month “the month of Allah” and let us know that it is this month in which fasting - after fasting in Ramadan - brings us the most profit. We celebrate the tenth day of this month as Ashura Day. This was also the setting for many important events in human history. So it was the 10th Muharram on which the repentant turning away (tawba) of the prophet Adam (a.s.), or the prophet Noah (a.s.) and his followers were saved from the flood. But the event that is most associated with this day and has deeply hurt all those who love the prophet and his family is certainly the murder of the prophet's grandson Hussein, with which he was martyred.
Following the Sunnah of the Prophet (saas) we fast on this day or on the day before and the day after. Because also for him, our Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.), the Muharram had a special status. So reported his wife and our mother, the mother of the believers Aisha (r.a.) and Abdullah b. Omar, that our Prophet (s.a.w.) and the Meccans fasted on "Ashura Day" even before Islam. This was a tradition for them, inherited from the Prophet Abraham (as). After emigrating to Medina, our Prophet (s.a.w.) established that the Jews in Medina spent this day fasting. After inquiring about the reason for this, he said: "We are closer to Moses than you!" He also fasted on that day and suggested this to his congregation with the words: "I hope that fasting on Ashura Day covers up the sins of the past year." In the second year of the hijra, fasting during Ramadan became compulsory for Muslims. Even after this, the Prophet (saas) and those from his community who wanted to fasted on the 10th of Muharram as well as the day before and after.  For, the Prophet (saas) let us know: "After fasting in Ramadan, fasting on the tenth day of 'the month of Allah' is the one that has the most advantages." 
Dear brothers and sisters,
The Muslims also regard Muharram as the month in which the soul-wondering event takes place Karbala has occurred. It was Ashura day again in the month of Muharram, on which the grandson of the Prophet (s.a.w.) and his relatives were killed and martyred. Hussein was one of the two grandchildren of our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.), whom he called “the two flowers of this earth” and “the noblest among the children of paradise”.  He was one of the two grandchildren for whom the Prophet (s.a.w.) asked Allah: “O Allah, I love these two. So do you love her too! "
The circle of Ahl al-Bayt, the family of our Prophet (s.a.w.) includes those who grew up in his family or his blissful house and were inspired by the breadth and love of his heart. Each of them is an important figure in Islam who has internalized the principles of the Koran, obeyed it and, as a whole, committed himself to Islam. Our beloved Prophet (saas) advised us to love these relatives and his companions, the Ashab, and to use them as models. So we have been taking the Prophet (s.a.w.) and his relatives as an example and guide for centuries. We express our love and respect for them in the most beautiful forms of expression. You have always been one of the basic elements of our cohesion. The fact that the prophet's grandson Hussein fell victim to political power games left deep wounds in our hearts and this grief continues. We remember this, and remembering should mean learning from history. Our task here is therefore not to remain in the past and to take this incident as a starting point for discord and enmity, but rather to understand our religion correctly to keep us away from actions that damage our brotherhood.
Dear brothers and sisters,
I would like to end my sermon today with supplications, which we say every day in our ritual prayers and which vividly express our love for the family of the prophet: the salli and the barik supplication: “O Allah! Give mercy to Muhammad and his families, just as you gave mercy to Abraham and his families. For verily, you are the one to be praised, the glorious.”-“ O Allah! Bless Muhammad and his families as you blessed Abraham and his families. For verily, you are the one to be praised, the glorious.”
 Buchari, Sawm, 69. II, 251; Muslim, Siyam, 128; Tirmizi, Sawm, 49. III, 117.
 Tirmizi, Sawm, 46. III, 117; Muslim, Sawm, 38. No: 202; Abu Dawud, Sawm, 56. No: 2429-
 Buchari, Menaqib 22.
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