What is your definition of computational reasoning

Computer-aided thinking

Created by: Dott. Francesco Pace
The concept of computational thinking was first introduced by computer scientist Jeannette Wing in 2006. It can be defined as the set of mental processes used to model a situation and to specify how an information processor works, effective within the situation itself to achieve one or more externally provided goals. In Italy, the Ministry of Education sponsored the "Program for the Future" project, which has been experimenting with coding activities for the introduction of computational thinking in schools since the 2014-2015 school year.

In MIUR circular 10.10.2015, the introduction of computational thinking is therefore motivated: "In today's world, computers are ubiquitous and a powerful means of communication. In order to be culturally prepared for every profession that a student wants to pursue in adulthood, an understanding of Basic concepts of computer science are indispensable. Just as it happened in the last century for mathematics, physics, biology and chemistry. The scientific-cultural side of computer science, also known as "computational thinking", contributes to logical skills and the ability to find creative and efficient solutions of problems to develop, qualities that are important for all future citizens.

The easiest and most fun way to develop "computational thinking" is to program (code) in a gaming context. As foreseen in the National Digital School Plan, adequate training in "arithmetic" that goes beyond initial digital literacy is indeed crucial so that the new generations of society do not face the future as passive consumers and have no knowledge of technologies and services, but of topics that know all aspects of the game and are actively involved in their development. "Computational thinking is fundamental to the study of computer science, even if its application extends far beyond computer science.

Indeed, it is the process of recognizing aspects of computer science in the world around us and applying information technology tools and techniques to understanding and reasoning about natural, social, and artificial systems and processes. It enables students to tackle problems, break them down into solvable pieces, and develop algorithms to solve them. The phrase "thought computational" was first used by Seymour Papert. Professor Jeannette Wing popularized the idea by arguing that computational thinking should be part of the skills of all new university students (Wing, 2006).

He also defined computational reasoning as: "... the mental processes involved in formulating problems and their solutions so that the solutions can be presented in a form that can be effectively carried out by an information processing agent (Cuny, Snyder, Wing, 2010, cited in Wing, 2011, p.20). The solution can be carried out by a human being or a machine or, more generally, by combinations of human and machine (Wing, 2011, p. 20). Computer-aided thinking is a cognitive process, the logical Thinking includes and includes the ability to think in the following terms: algorithms; scomposizione;

"Generalizations, identification and use of recurring patterns; Azioni tractions, selection of suitable representations; valutazione. Bibliography Department for Education. 2014. The National Curriculum in England, Framework Document. Reference: DFE-00177-2013. (Https://www.gov .uk / government / uploads / system / uploads / attachment_data / file / 335116 / Master_fina l_national_curriculum_220714.pdf) Dorling, M., Selby, C. & Woollard, J. 2015. Evidence of Assessing Computational Thinking.IFIP 2015, A New Culture of Learning: Computing and Next Generations. Vilnius, Lithuania. (http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/377856) Selby, C. & Woollard, J. 2013. Computational thinking: the developing definition. (http: // eprints.soton.ac.uk/356481/) Wing, J. 2006. Computational Thinking. Communications of ACM, 49, 3, 33-35. (http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1118215 ) Wing, J. 2011. Research Notebook: Computational Thinking - What and Why? The Link. Pittsburgh, PA: Carneige Mellon. (Http://www.cs.cmu.edu/sit es / default / files / 11-399_The_Link_Newsletter-3.pdf)

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