Prisons employ hairdressers
The side wings accommodate the individual accommodation for up to 250 prisoners; Commonly used rooms and those for administration are located in the connecting part in between. Here is also the central entrance area, which allows a view of the bright, spacious inner courtyard. The outdoor areas are clearly structured, all communal areas are oriented towards the courtyard, on the open side of which there is a soccer field and workshops. Gardens and fields are being built on the rest of the site, as well as a modern sales area for the in-house nursery as an extension of an existing greenhouse.
The building is made of solid concrete and partially has a basement. In the basement, in addition to the technology and changing rooms for staff, there is a fitness room with a hairdressing area and a utility room for all prisoners. All outer facades are clad with a ventilated facing shell made of brick masonry, the facades facing the inner courtyard with a light gray plastered thermal insulation composite system. Continuously high and narrow window elements with rotating, vertical slats made of dark gray steel as privacy and sun protection give the building envelope a rhythm. Walls made of exposed concrete and light wooden doors characterize the interior of the prison. The individual accommodations are identical and simply furnished, with shared kitchens and sanitary areas available in groups.
The security precautions in this institution for open men’s prisons are rather low, the prisoners can basically move around freely here. The aim is to rehabilitate them - the inmates should be prepared for a life in freedom. That is why the Düppel JVA only accommodates inmates who are suitable for open execution, who do not pose a security risk to society and who are trusted to lead a correct lifestyle and work consistently under little supervision. For prisoners who violate requirements and regulations, there are two (vandal) -protected cells on the ground floor. From there they are brought back to the closed prison Tegel or JVA Charlottenburg.
In this respect, the concept is more like a strictly regulated men's pension. Each inmate has the keys to his room, which he locks in a locker in the area of the continuously manned gate when leaving the institution. Individual accommodation and administrative offices are provided with the same wooden doors and are secured by a mechanical locking system with profile cylinders. Some of the prisoners have regular activities outside the prison or are employed on the premises during the day under supervision in the nursery, workshops or in the building. Inmates with their own income feed themselves and cook in communal kitchens.
The building remains locked at night, but the prisoners can move freely within the residential groups. In addition to the entrance area, three other exits, which function as emergency exits, are electronically secured. In addition to the (vandal) -protected cells, the server and technical room as well as the payment point in the administration wing are specially secured. Here is a safe with a combination lock, there are bulletproof doors, a cash dispenser with a manual sliding tray, an intercom system and bulletproof glazing as well as various motion detectors. A hold-up and burglar alarm system with a direct connection to the police secures this protected area.
Visits by outsiders to the accommodation are not permitted, and cell phones may only be used outside of the institution. Visiting hours are usually one hour on weekends between 3pm and 5pm; the visiting room is not monitored. Inmates with a permit can go out for up to 60 hours a month. Your individual rooms correspond to the standard of the open prison and are neither vandal-proof nor escape-proof. Accordingly, the windows are not barred - a vertical center bar serves primarily as a fall protection. Leaving the room (for example overnight) through the window is possible by force, but it would not go undetected because the steel rods bend permanently. Such a rule violation would result in the transfer to the closed prison.
In the event of an evacuation, an optical and acoustic alarm system informs the occupants and staff so that they can leave the building via the emergency exits.
Architects: MGF Architects, Stuttgart
Project participants: Einsbisneun Architekten, Berlin (construction management); GMS Architects + Consulting Engineers, Berlin (project management); Senate Department for Urban Development, Berlin (project management); IBB engineering association for structural engineering and building construction, Berlin (structural engineering); Ricarda Mieth, Berlin (art in architecture)
Project name: Prison for Open Execution Berlin (JVA OVBerlin) - Robert-Von-Ostertag-Straße area
Client: Senate Department for Justice, Berlin
Location: Robert-von-Ostertag-Strasse 2, 14163 Berlin-Zehlendorf
Photo credit: Urte Schmidt, Berlin
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