Can tennis players wear sunglasses
Sports glasses | Advice before buying
Sports glasses advantages
Sport and a lot of exercise are healthy - a truism. That is why six out of ten Germans play sports. But what about good vision in sports? Can everyday glasses do that? Should they be taken off? Or should you really buy sports glasses with lenses of your own prescription? Is it worth it? Does it have to be that way? Questions about questions that we are happy to answer.
Ophthalmologists warn: Sports accidents make up the majority of serious eye injuries. Studies show that nine out of ten serious eye injuries while exercising could be avoided by wearing sports glasses.
Julbo sports glasses, M. Daviet
Sports glasses cover three areas for recreational athletes:
- Protection of the eyes and skull from injuries, dust, foreign bodies, wind, bright sunlight and harmful UV rays
- Good, stable vision during sport thanks to a frame with a secure fit that matches the sport
- Fashionable aspects identify the wearer as an active person
But what does everyday life in recreational sport look like in many cases?
Many ametropolitan recreational athletes simply take off their glasses while exercising and unknowingly take easily avoidable risks. Sports glasses, however, are still widely regarded as a fashion accessory and not so much as eye protection. Many ametropia people wear fashionable sports glasses, but they do not have corrective glasses.
Other people with more severe ametropia simply keep their corrective glasses on. But that's not a good idea. Your everyday glasses can be secured against falling with standard straps or rubber stoppers on the temples, but such glasses simply do not fit tightly enough. She also likes to steam up. Above all, however, it does not protect your eyes, but rather creates an additional risk when doing sports due to its construction - with as thin a rim as possible with light, thin lenses.
Julbo Race2 - men's sunglasses for water sports
Imagine you are playing squash and your teammate hits you with the racket. The spectacle frame will not survive this any more than the spectacle lens. The glass splinters could seriously injure your eyes and lacerate the socket. Metal parts dig into the skin.
Or worse, what happens if the squash ball hits you right in the eye? Then the remains of the breaking or splintering glass land in your eye. In addition, the squash ball is so small that it can fit into the bony orbit and cause severe eye and skull injuries. Another scenario: You are a cyclist, nearsighted and therefore wear your prescription glasses. But these glasses do not protect your eyes from the drafts against the airstream. Their eyes begin to water, they can no longer see anything and end up in the ditch.
Sports glasses specially adapted to your sport can prevent all of this. You can already see from the examples described here that every sport can have its own requirements for sports glasses.
Julbo Airflux - polarizing and ventilated men's ski goggles
This is what sports glasses do:
- Perspective: Sports glasses that are appropriate for the type of sport, firmly but comfortably fitting, whether as corrective glasses or without a corrective effect with the appropriate filter tint, ensure clear vision during sport and therefore reduce the risk of accidents.
- Protection against environmental influences: Sports glasses protect the eyes from external influences such as dust, the entry of foreign bodies or drafts from the airstream.
- Protection against serious eye injuries: Sports glasses suitable for the sport protect the eyes from serious eye injuries typical of this sport thanks to special break-proof frame and lens materials.
- Protection against harmful UV rays: Even appropriately equipped, non-tinted sports glasses protect outdoor athletes from harmful rays
- Protection from bright sunlight: Special sports sunglasses protect against the sun during outdoor activities.
- Protection against chlorinated water: There are swimming goggles especially for swimmers with ametropia, in which glasses of the right thickness can be incorporated. In particular, swimmers who are more short-sighted and without red eyes can train in the swimming pool. For open water swimmers, these swimming goggles protect against the salt water and help with orientation.
Where sports glasses don't belong
There are sports with physical contact such as handball or soccer, as well as martial arts such as boxing or judo. In some of these sports it is forbidden to wear glasses, this also applies to sports glasses, so contact lenses are the order of the day.
Good advice is not expensive
The fashion aspect should not be underestimated when it comes to recreational sports, including when it comes to sports glasses. There are also trendy brands among sports glasses that are worn like a fashion accessory. When buying, please keep in mind that every pair of sports glasses has been designed for a specific purpose. The ultra-chic surfer glasses from an in-brand are suitable for the beach and water sports, but not for tennis matches or bike training.
Let your trusted optician advise you. He can also explain to you exactly which sports glasses are suitable for your sport and your ametropia. He also knows whether a model is better suited for you in which the corrective lenses are incorporated into a clip that is clicked into place behind the outer protective sports lens.
Julbo Breeze - women's half-frame sunglasses for endurance sports
There are also swimming goggles in which corrective lenses can be incorporated. "Swim goggles with strength" are sometimes also available at discount stores, but cautiously. The glass thickness from your glasses passport leads to a bad buy. The refraction conditions in the water are different from those on land. The density in the water is around 1/3 greater. So you need a different glass thickness there.
So please ask your optician for advice in all matters relating to the purchase of sports glasses. This avoids expensive wrong purchases.
Sports glasses or sports sunglasses
There is no such thing as one pair of sports glasses for all sports. The demands on protection against injuries and trouble-free vision are too different. Indoor athletes have completely different needs than outdoor athletes.
In indoor sports, the visual requirements are largely the same. Neither the climatic conditions nor the lighting conditions differ greatly there. There you will be able to cope well with tennis or badminton with well-fitting sports glasses with a lens thickness that are adapted to your needs and without tinting.
With outdoor sports, however, things are very different. Whether it's skiing, cycling or sailing. For evening activities and when the sky is cloudy, you need sports glasses without or with a contrast-enhancing filter tint. It corrects your ametropia and also protects your eyes from dust and foreign bodies when cycling, from wind and from the salt water when sailing.
But you won't be happy with it in bright sunshine, especially not in the high mountains or on the water. Sports sunglasses not only protect your eyes from injuries, foreign bodies, dust and drafts from the airstream. During all outdoor activities, your eyes are protected against bright sunlight and glare. Your eyes need protection against strong sunlight, otherwise they will start to water, pain and dry out. Too intense sunlight can lead to conjunctivitis and corneal inflammation.
But that part of sunlight that is not even visible to humans is even more dangerous: harmful UV radiation. The light is divided according to its wavelengths, measured in nanometers (nm), as follows
- Infrared light 780 nm -1µ (micrometers): Long-wave radiation, is absorbed by all bodies and converted into heat
- Visible light 380-780 nm:
- UV-A radiation 315-380 nm: Provides tanning of the skin through pigmentation, damages collagens and leads to slackening of the skin.
- UV-B radiation 280-315 nm: builds up vitamin D. If you stay in the sun for too long, unprotected, you can get sunburn. There is a direct relationship between the frequency of sunburns and the risk of some skin cancers.
- UV-C radiation 100-280 nm: The extremely short-wave UV-C radiation is almost completely absorbed by the ozone layer when it enters the earth's atmosphere. This is one of the reasons why maintaining the ozone layer is so important.
UV radiation is particularly strong in the high mountains and at sea or on the beach. Reflective surfaces such as the surface of the water, the snow when skiing or when climbing glaciers increase the risk of damage. The same applies to sports in southern regions, the higher you climb or the closer you get to the equator, the more intense the radiation. In outdoor sports, UV protection is particularly important for the eyes, because you now know: Ultraviolet rays can also damage your eyes.
Julbo Renegade - Versatile men's sunglasses for all outdoor sports
So when it comes to UV protection, you need security. Don't let yourself be fooled. The simple CE mark without an addition, which you can also find on sunglasses in the drugstore, says nothing about UV protection. All sunglasses sold in the EU must wear this mark. This only guarantees that these sunglasses or sports sunglasses meet the minimum safety requirements. A sample is checked, but not every single pair of glasses.
In addition to the CE mark, in accordance with European Directive 89/686 / EEC, implemented in DIN EN ISO 12312-1, at least the filter category in the form of "cat 2" (medium-strong tint) or "cat 3" (strong tint ) must be specified. If possible, the UV 400 logo should also be embossed. The UV 400 mark at least proves that the glasses manufacturer has checked the UV protection; there is no standardization for this mark.
You are only on the safe side of getting full UV protection for all conditions, even when you are on holiday in the south, if you have the selected sports glasses or the protective lenses fitted in them checked by your optician. Its inspection guarantees that the glasses used completely absorb all rays in the UV-A, UV-B and UV-C ranges up to a wavelength of 0 to 400nm. What this means for you: harmful UV rays cannot reach your eyes through the sports sunglasses.
But please bear in mind that harmful UV rays can still get into your eyes from above, behind and both sides. A hat with a peak can help.
Julbo Aerolite - women's half-frame sunglasses for endurance sports
Prescription sports glasses
Are you ametropical? Around every third athlete with ametropia then pursues his or her sporting hobby without having to correct his glasses or contact lenses.
Do you still belong to this group? Then please consider: Even if you have only slight ametropia, the proportions change without glasses, because glasses with plus lenses enlarge the image, minus lenses reduce the image. Spatial vision has changed, distances appear different. So don't be surprised if you don't hit the ball and punch air holes in tennis, badminton, squash or table tennis without correction.
Or do you wear your normal everyday glasses while exercising? If you are not a chess player, your glasses are not really suitable for sports, even if you make do with a strap. Everyday glasses are not slip-proof, they are not robust enough to protect your eyes, or they are even endangered.
Your optician can recommend suitable sports glasses for each type of sport, which can be glazed with suitable lenses in your strength. By the way: Glazed sports glasses are also available for bifocal and progressive lenses.
When purchasing sports glasses with your lens thickness, it is important to start with your type of sport with the specific visual requirements. In a conversation with your specialist for good vision, you will clarify which distances are important for you and which head movements are necessary.
Most sports glasses today are curved to follow the shape of the face and often lead to the end of the eye socket on the temple side. This means that the shape of the lenses is much more curved than that of everyday glasses. This places high demands on the glazing with spectacle lenses in your strength
There are these options for glazing sports glasses:
The direct glazing
With direct glazing, the corrective lenses are incorporated directly and firmly into the frame; clips or adapters to hold the corrective lenses are not required. This type of glazing offers a wide range - almost all ametropia can be corrected in this way. There is only a strength restriction for strongly bent glass shapes. Only strengths of +4 to - 4 dpt can be incorporated here, with a few models strengths between + 6 and - 8 dpt.
Rudy Project - direct glazing
Because the lenses are permanently incorporated in this type of glasses, there is no way to adapt the lens tint to the respective situation. This is not a disadvantage for indoor athletes. Outdoor athletes such as cyclists usually need two glasses, one without a tint or only with a slightly contrast-enhancing filter tint and one with a stronger tint to protect against glare and harmful UV radiation. That made this choice more expensive than the clip variants, in which the correction glasses are mounted in a clip attached behind the mostly exchangeable filter discs.
Almost all sports glasses, which have the main benefit not only of clear vision when exercising, but also focus on eye protection against impact due to the type of sport, have frames in which corrective lenses are directly incorporated.
The sports glasses shown offer such optimal protection with clear vision, especially for ball sports. The lenses are worked directly into the frame. The strap ensures a secure fit, silicone pads on the sides protect the nose and temples. Like the model shown, sports glasses are also available with an integrated nose protection that protects against fractures of the nasal bone.
Sports glasses with clip-in systems
Sunglasses with clip-in systems are the most variable and versatile sports glasses, because most clip-in systems today also have the option of changing the front lenses. They can therefore be optimally adapted to changing lighting conditions. If it is cloudy, the non-tinted windscreen is used, in hazy weather the lens with a contrast-enhancing filter tint, and in sunshine the sunglasses lens. The corrective lenses are incorporated into an adapter mold, so that changing the lens thickness is also possible without any problems. If the athlete occasionally also wears contact lenses, the adjustment is simple: Simply remove the clip with the prescription lenses - done.
Optic clip from Julbo
However, the clip-in prescription lenses are significantly smaller than the protective lenses on the glasses. Although the large lenses protect the sports glasses from sunlight and airflow from the side, the view to the side is not optimal.
Theoretically, you could also use these glasses for indoor sports, but because of their lightweight construction, they do not offer any real protection against squash, hockey or tennis balls.
Sports glasses with adapter systems
Adapter systems are mostly used in sports glasses that have a fixed front lens that cannot be changed. The corrective lenses are then incorporated into an adapter system, which is usually firmly attached to the glasses frame. In other systems, a kind of adapter rail is used in the frame, into which the corrective lens is incorporated.
In the case of other glasses with adapter solutions, the corrective lenses are also inserted into an adapter for the frame, but these glasses can also provide protection from the sun. Sunshades are in a clip that can be folded up using a flip-up mechanism. This flip-up clip can be fitted with various filter discs.
Sports glasses with a strap - when is it useful?
The tightest possible fit for sports glasses is guaranteed by sports glasses with a wide, individually adjustable elastic headband. Sports glasses with a headband do not slip in any direction and stay in place even in the event of an impact. The padded edges of the frame rim and nose pad stay exactly where they are supposed to protect.
Even the so-called sports brackets that go around the auricle cannot do this. That is why there are no outright protective goggles with normal eyeglass temples. In the event of body contact, glasses with temples can be knocked off the head and the less flexible temples could lead to injuries. If a ball hits the glasses, the temples can lead to hematomas (bruises), in the worst case the end of a torn temple can get into the eye. That sounds unlikely, but everything has happened before.Sports glasses with a headband also fit under the helmet when cycling, mountain biking and white water kayaking.
A commercially available strap that can be attached to the temples of the glasses cannot replace the tight fit of a wide headband, it rather serves to prevent the glasses from flying off the head in a hectic movement or contact.
Sports glasses with a headband are particularly advisable for ball sports and also for martial arts, provided that wearing sports glasses is permitted there. This is especially true for children, of course. Approved for school sports and also recommended for recreational sports for children, for ball sports and martial arts, spectacle frames made of a special plastic with silicone padding and break-proof polycarbonate lenses, as well as a headband.
Sports glasses lenses - which types of lenses, which extras are possible / useful?
Lenses that are to be used for sports glasses must at least meet these safety requirements:
- High optical image quality without distortion
- Highest breaking strength of frame and lenses
- In the event of breakage, no part of the glasses may splinter
- The lowest possible weight
- Glasses for outdoor sports should offer 100 percent UV protection
In the glass sector, plastic glasses and, in particular, polycarbonate glasses meet these standards.
These finishes should have sports glasses lenses:
- Anti-dirt coatings ensure a very smooth glass surface from which drops of rain and sweat roll off.
- A hard layer protects the glasses from scratches.
- Anti-fog coatings protect the glasses from tarnishing quickly.
- The anti-reflective coating ensures a clear view without irritating glare effects. Full anti-reflective coating, which includes anti-reflective coating on the back of the glass, is particularly important for sports glasses. This is particularly important because it prevents light rays from behind, including the UV component, from being reflected into your eyes. This not only protects against glare, but also against harmful UV rays.
Ophthalmic lens coatings for refining ophthalmic lenses
Types of tint for glasses / filter panes, their use and purpose
Not all sports glasses need tinted lenses or corresponding filter discs with tints. Colorless glasses that do not falsify any colors are best suited for indoor sports. A full anti-reflective coating, which eliminates almost all annoying reflections on the glasses, helps against glare from the lighting in the hall.
Special tints for use in sports glasses
Gradient tints with strong coloring at the top, which are continuously weaker towards the bottom, look a bit like fashionable frills, but are not at all. The strong tint in the upper area ensures glare-free viewing upwards and straight ahead, even in strong sunlight. Looking down through the weaker tint offers a high-contrast view of the floor. In this way, distances can be better estimated, especially when running or cycling.
Photochromic glass and pane materials adapt their tint to the prevailing light conditions and make the sports glasses largely suitable for all weather conditions.
The polarizing glasses occupy a special position. They switch off oblique light reflections from reflective surfaces. These are mainly water, light sandy beaches, glaciers or snow. Polarizing lenses also have a strong tint and are particularly suitable for fishing as well as for water and winter sports.
Julbo Vermont Classic - men's sunglasses for the mountains
Contrast-enhancing glasses and panes
Orange-colored and reddish tinted glasses and filter discs increase the contrast. Therefore, they are particularly suitable for trekking, mountain hiking, climbing, but also for mountain biking, golf and motor sports.
Yellow glasses and panes have a contrast-enhancing and brightening effect. This is especially true in hazy lighting conditions and fog. The view remains rich in contrast and detailed. This makes yellow glasses particularly suitable for cycling and skiing in diffuse light.
Standard tints for sports sunglasses
Brown lenses distort the colors of nature the least and are therefore universally applicable in all degrees of tint and ideal for road traffic, i.e. cycling and motor sports. They are particularly effective as sunglasses with a correspondingly strong tint in bright light.
In terms of color fidelity, gray lenses come very close to brown lenses. So they also filter very neutrally and have their particular strengths with strong degrees of tint. The contrast-enhancing effect of gray glasses and filter discs is less than that of brown, reddish or orange tints.
Blue lenses provide adequate glare protection for swimming goggles, especially when used outdoors.
Sports glasses for children
From the by Prof. Dr. Gernot Jendrusch led the ASiS working group at the Ruhr University Bochum, a school sport test was carried out with around 1,500 students. There, serious deficits were found in the provision of school sports glasses for children with ametropia. It is frightening that around 12,600 eye injuries, some of them very serious, occur in school sports every year. In addition, every fourth child with ametropia takes part in school sports without glasses or contact lens correction.
Julbo children's sports glasses
There are regulations and recommendations, but these regulations differ from state to state.
The ASIS also carried out a test of children's sports glasses with surprisingly good results and developed guidelines on what suitable school sports glasses should be able to do.
School sports glasses for children should meet these standards:
- Fully corrective break-proof polycarbonate lenses
- The frame edge of the sports glasses must be designed in such a way that the lenses cannot be pushed out towards the back (towards the eyes)
- Break-proof glasses frame without edges
- Spectacle frames with a wide field of vision that should also be larger than the eye socket
- Soft nose pad with inner padding made of silicone
- Silicone inserts as padding on the temples and bridge of the nose ensure a pressure-free, firm fit and prevent injuries
- Elastic, individually adjustable headband
Julbo Turn - children's sunglasses
Combination of sports glasses and contact lenses possible / useful?
Sports glasses and contact lenses go well together and complement each other ideally: The contact lenses ensure clear vision, the sports glasses for safety and protection. In this case, use the sports glasses like a right-sighted amateur athlete. It then serves the safety of your eyes and protection against UV light, glare, wind and foreign bodies.
You will particularly appreciate this opportunity if you have more ametropia. Sports glasses with a clip-in system equip you for any eventuality. Then, depending on your needs, you can play sports with contact lenses and take out the clip with your eyeglass correction, or you can use the clip and take out your contact lenses.
Your optician will be happy to advise you on the options and what is best for you.
Tips for buying your sports glasses
Don't just buy your sports glasses because the brand is hip and totally trendy right now. Fashionable chic is not unimportant, but sports glasses are primarily designed for one purpose: to guarantee the best possible view, a secure fit and the safety of your eyes during a sport.
You should definitely pay attention to these points when buying sports glasses:
- Sports glasses should be as light as possible and as robust as necessary. It should sit firmly but comfortably. This is why adjustable silicone nose pads and silicone cushions are a must at all contact points on the temples and forehead. They also prevent sweat from running into your eyes.
- Frame and lenses made of unbreakable plastic - preferably made of polycarbonate - are essential. Metal parts do not belong in sports glasses.
- Modern sports glasses adapt to the anatomy of the head and are up to the lateral end areas of the eye sockets drawn around the face. This protects your eyes from wind, rain, dust and foreign bodies as well as from dangerous UV rays and annoying glare. When buying, make sure that no part of the glasses is touched by the eyelashes.
Julbo sports glasses, M. Ragg
- Sports glasses have to be non-slip - in all movements. This requires easily adjustable plastic brackets, the ends of which ideally go around the ear. The stirrups should be secured by a new type of knobbed grip system. In addition, it should be possible to clip an elastic band around the back of the head with this type of bracket. In ball sports, the holding device should consist of a wide, individually adjustable elastic headband.
- Shatterproof polycarbonate lenses are the safest glazing for your eyes, but they have one disadvantage: they are easy to scratch. Therefore, you should definitely use a Be provided with a hard layer.
- The sports glasses need to prevent the lenses from fogging up so easily Ventilation slots. Also one Anti-fog coating the glasses makes sense.
- You should choose the lens tint according to the type of sport and the prevailing lighting conditions. Are ideal for outdoor sports Systems with different interchangeable filter discs.
The safest way to choose and buy the right sports glasses is to seek advice from an experienced optician.
Sports glasses manufacturer
Many eyewear manufacturers now deal with sports glasses and sports sunglasses for a wide variety of sports. Hellsteller of sports equipment and sportswear such as Adidas, Puma and Nike each have a whole range of sports glasses for a wide variety of indoor and outdoor sports in their range.
Important specialized manufacturers of good quality sports glasses are:
Julbo: French manufacturer, which is mainly known among mountaineers, cyclists and outdoor athletes for its innovative and extremely high-quality glasses.
Oakley: At Oakley, functional sports glasses with full UV protection, unique impact protection and a chic design with cult status are not a contradiction in terms. This and the use by numerous prominent professional athletes made the manufacturer from California a global player. Oakley is now part of the Italian Luxottica Group, the world's largest eyewear manufacturer. Target groups are golfers, surfers, snowboarders, skiers, cyclists, motorcyclists and baseball players.
Progear: The Progear Eyeguard sports glasses stand for a perfect, non-slip hold and optimal protection of the eyes and nasal bone. Silicone pads, ideally positioned on the temple and nose area on the impact-resistant plastic glasses, protect the eyes safely. All sports glasses are optionally available with temples or as a frame with a headband. This also makes Progear glasses suitable for surfing, ball sports, climbing, parachuting, paragliding, ice hockey, inline skating, cycling, motorcycling or rafting - even under a helmet.
Rudy Project: Rudy Project became famous for the cycling glasses that numerous prominent riders wear in the Tour de France. The target group of the Italian manufacturer from Treviso are extreme athletes, cyclists, triathletes, runners and mountain bikers and their special demands on sunglasses and sports glasses.
Uvex: Uvex Winter Holding GmbH & Co. KG, headquartered in Fürth, sells sports glasses for winter sports, cycling and equestrian sports worldwide. A special feature of Uvex is Variomatic, a steplessly self-tinting (photochromic) filter disc with super-fast tinting and brightening.
Swiss Eye: Swiss Eye International GmbH, founded in Germany in 1998, manufactures high-quality sports glasses and sports sunglasses, including prescription glasses and bio-calibrated glasses, as well as sports fashion glasses. SwissEye offers sports glasses with perfect protection for almost all outdoor sports.
Cebé: The French eyewear manufacturer has stood for quality eyewear with the traditional brand Cébé since 1892. The French specialize in the production of sunglasses, ski and sports glasses. Above all, Cébé stands for chic and functional winter sports glasses.
Alpina: Probably the best-known manufacturer of all kinds of ski goggles is based in Germany. Alpina Sports also offers models that can be fitted with corrective lenses. But Alpina also offers special sports and sports sunglasses for Nordic skiing, mountain bikers, mountaineers and climbers as well as for running and cycling.
Aqua Sphere: Aqua Sphere, founded in Italy in 1997, is a specialist manufacturer of high-quality swimming goggles and is the premium swimming brand from Aqua Lung. Both children's swimming goggles and special swimming goggles for open water swimmers are on offer.
Aqua Lung: In Germany, Aqua Lung GmbH is based in Singen / Bodensee. The Air Liquide subsidiary is one of the world's leading manufacturers of high-quality diving goggles that can also be glazed with corrective lenses.
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