What's your rating of Fujifilm Cameras
In the test: Fujifilm X-T30
The X-T30 has the same characteristic retro design as its big sister X-T3, but the case is slightly smaller and lighter and not splash-proof. A closer look reveals further differences. For example, the setting wheels are a bit smaller, there is a time wheel, but no wheels for ISO and exposure metering. In addition, the wheels are not locked to prevent accidental adjustment. The drive modes are also accessible via a dial - in addition to series pictures, the photographer can quickly access panorama, multiple exposures, bracketing and video. New compared to the X-T20 is the joystick, which can be used to move the AF measuring field, but also for menu navigation. Due to lack of space, the four-way button fell victim to him. As with the X-E3, its functions can be called up when required by swiping left, right, up and down on the touch monitor. However, you quickly get into the enclosure by moving the AF measuring field. We therefore advise against using the swipe functions, especially since the most important settings can be quickly accessed via the Q (uick) menu. The Q menu can be configured individually and - unlike the main menu - operated by touch. Incidentally, the photographer can also move the AF measuring field using the touch pad in viewfinder mode; In our opinion, however, it is easier to do with the joystick. Fuji could optimize the menu: Some entries are difficult to find and the camera does not remember the most recently selected entry, so the photographer has to scroll through the long lists again and again. The My menu, in which frequently used settings can be saved, provides a remedy.
The 3.0-inch monitor is equipped with a two-way folding mechanism (45 degrees down, 95 degrees up). For selfies or portrait shots from a tripod, it cannot be brought into the appropriate folding position. Differences to the X-T3 can also be seen in the viewfinder, which is significantly smaller (magnification 0.62x instead of 0.76x) and accordingly has a lower resolution (2.36 instead of 3.69 million points). At 17.5 mm, the exit pupil is also shorter than that of the X-T3 - if you wear glasses, the corners of the image in the viewfinder may be darkened. The refresh rate can be switched from 60 to 100 Hertz using the boost function. Both viewfinder and monitor display an electronic 2D spirit level if necessary.
Strong equipment with 4K video
The X-T30 is very well equipped. Compared to its predecessor, Fuji has mainly improved the auto focus and video mode. The hybrid autofocus system can now fall back on 2.16 million phase detection pixels, which are distributed over the entire image field. If there are several people in the picture, the photographer can use the joystick to switch between the faces with the face recognition and face selection activated; Of course, the AF also recognizes eyes. In addition, it now works better in less light - according to the technical data, the sensitivity has been improved from -1 EV to -3 EV.
The video mode is really amazing for a € 950 camera. The X-T20 already recorded 4K, the X-T30 now supports DCI-4K with 17: 9 (4096 x 2160 pixels) in addition to the normal 16: 9 format - both with up to 30p and without a crop. Full HD is also possible with 60p, for 5x slow motion even with 120p (but then with crop). At 4K, like some Sony cameras, the camera captures even more pixels than necessary (6K) and downscaled them to 4K. Together with the data rate increased to a maximum of 200 Mbit / s, this results in excellent video quality. Recording via HDMI on an external recorder has been improved - it is now possible with maximum quality, i.e. 10 bit color depth and color subsampling of 4: 2: 2. 8-bit and 4: 2: 0 are recorded internally on the SD card. The logarithmic F-Log-Gamma can be selected internally as well as externally in order to obtain the optimal starting material for the subsequent color grading. Anyone who wants to put a look on the video in the camera can, among other things, choose the Eterna image style optimized for film. In addition to a microphone, headphones can also be connected via the new USB-C socket. The "video mute control" function shows that Fuji has also thought of practical details. If this is activated, settings (e.g. aperture, time, ISO, exposure compensation, recording level) can be changed silently using the touchscreen instead of using mechanical wheels. The only weak point in the video is the maximum recording length: With 4K it is 10 minutes, with Full HD it is 15 minutes.
As is typical for this class, the mechanical shutter achieves 1/4000 s.In addition to the mechanical, the X-T30 has an electronic shutter that enables times of up to 1 / 32,000 s and silent release. Other features include interval recordings, film simulations, a grain effect, raw conversion directly in the camera, manual focus aids such as peaking and remote control and image transmission via app are of course also on board. For an even better equipment rating, the image stabilizer is essentially missing in the camera, which Fuji has reserved for the X-H1.
Speed and image quality
The X-T30 has several burst modes. The highest speed of 30 frames / s is only possible with an electronic shutter and 1.25x crop. Without a crop with E-shutter, 20 frames / s are still possible, while we measured 42 JPEGs or 14 raws in a row. With a mechanical shutter, the camera creates a respectable 8 frames / s, then for around 190 JPEGs or 20 raws in a row. Apart from the somewhat small raw buffer, these are excellent values. Basically, all burst modes also work with AF-C, although the speed can drop if the distance changes.
The JPEG image quality is also very good with the reference lens XF 2.4 / 60 mm Macro. The X-T30 has a high resolution that achieves an efficiency of over 91% at ISO 160. After that it first drops slightly, from ISO 800 a little more. From ISO 3200, the efficiency is then only a good 67% and the images no longer look optimally sharp in the 100% view. Interestingly, we measured a slightly higher resolution across the board than with the X-T3. The image noise also increases slowly and continuously. The dynamic range is somewhat below average with a maximum of 8.3 f-stops. The bottom line is that the X-T30 achieves the same image quality rating as its predecessor, the X-T20 with a 24-megapixel sensor, and is slightly better than the X-T3.
Despite its relatively low price of around 950 euros, the X-T30 is one of the best mirrorless APS-C cameras. Those who can do without the innovations - which mainly affect the AF and video mode - should choose the predecessor X-T20, which is hardly inferior to the X-T30 in terms of image quality and speed and which is available for 700 euros street price. With both cameras, a high-quality entry into what is probably the best-developed mirrorless APS-C system is possible at an attractive price.
> Here you can download the table with the results from our test (Fujifilm X-T20, Fujifilm X-T30, Fujifilm X-T3).
Laboratory measurements: Anders Uschold
This test was published in our fotoMAGAZIN 5/2019 issue. You can order single issues here.
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