Can veterinarians treat wildlife?

Dealing with
injured and sick wildlife

The explanation of the Hessian Ministry to the State Veterinary Chamber of Hesse:

Explanations of the Hessian Ministry for the Environment, Climate Protection, Agriculture and Consumer Protection on the handling of injured and sick wild animals that are subject to hunting law (25.09.2015)

For all wild animals that are subject to hunting law, the local person entitled to hunt has the sole right of appropriation (Section 1 (1) and (5) BJagdG).

If wild animals that are subject to hunting law are removed from nature by third parties in order to z. B. to bring an injured animal to a veterinarian for treatment, the person who takes the animals from nature must inform the person authorized to hunt or the police.

Since the responsible person authorized to hunt i. d. As a rule, it is not known to everyone personally, reporting to the police is common. This report is done with a short telephone call, preferably before the animal is taken from the wild, but at the latest after the animal has been handed over to a person providing care, stating the location, species and the delivery point (e.g. vet, animal welfare association). Since the police stations are always available, this report can be made at any time.

The person who takes the animal from nature is obliged to report this - not the treating veterinarian or the animal welfare association that takes the animal. Since many citizens are not aware of this regulation, the veterinary practices and animal welfare associations would be very helpful to the authorities if they point this out to the people who hand in an animal.

In the event of traffic accidents involving wild animals, this notification is also necessary (Section 3 (2) HJagdG) and is a matter of course for all vehicle drivers, as the vehicle drivers would like to have a wildlife accident certificate issued by those authorized to hunt or the police - without this, the motor vehicle Insurance not.

Anyone who takes wild animals that are subject to hunting law from the wild and does not comply with the duty to notify commits an administrative offense in accordance with Section 3 (1) in conjunction with Section 42 (1) No. 2 HJagdG.

This regulation ensures, on the one hand, that everyone can help injured or distressed wild animals and thus the Animal Welfare Act is taken into account, and on the other hand, the above-mentioned obligation to notify under hunting law ensures that wild animals cannot be stalked at will and taken from nature. These regulations created by the legislator therefore make it possible to link these two areas of law.

At the same time, it is forbidden to hunt game before six months after the release (Section 23, Paragraph 9, Sentence 3 of the Hessian Hunting Act). It follows that the release must either take place during the closed season of the respective game species with a minimum interval of at least six months from the start of the hunting season, or it must be ensured during the release that the released animal is recognizable as such by the hunter.

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