Which countries lost their territory after the Second World War?

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Second World War

In a nutshell
From 1939 to 1945 there was World War II. Germany started the war because it wanted to become more and more powerful and stronger. At that time Germany was a dictatorship. The National Socialist Party ruled. Almost all countries in Europe were involved in the war, as did Asia and the USA. About 60 million people died. Germany lost the war, after which the country was divided into the Federal Republic of Germany and the GDR.

War from 1939 to 1945

The Second World War lasted from 1939 to 1945. It began on September 1, 1939, when German troops invaded neighboring Poland. It ended on May 8, 1945 in Europe with the surrender of Germany and in early September 1945 in Asia, where Japan, as an ally of Germany, had waged war against the USA. More than 60 million people were killed in the war.

Germany wanted to be powerful again

The National Socialists had come to power in Germany under the leadership of the dictator Adolf Hitler in 1933. They wanted Germany to be big and powerful again. They no longer wanted to accept the provisions of the Versailles Peace Treaty, which limited Germany's power after the First World War.

The beginning of the world war

Germany started the war on September 1, 1939. Poland was the first country to be invaded and occupied by German troops. Germany was allied with Italy and Japan. These powers were called "Axis Powers". During the six years of the war, the Axis' opponents were mainly Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union and the USA. A total of 27 nations were involved in this worldwide war. In Europe almost all countries were directly affected by the war. First, the German troops managed to conquer most of the European countries. But Germany could not defeat its opponents.

The war widened

In 1941 the US entered the war against Germany. Together with its allies, the so-called allies, the USA liberated the areas that had been occupied by the German armies. The German troops were defeated. The dictator committed suicide in Berlin on April 30, 1945. Germany surrendered (gave up) on May 8th and on May 9th 1945 the fighting in Europe was over.

Atomic bomb in Japan

But the Second World War was not over yet. Japan had waged war against the United States in Asia. The Japanese government did not give up until early September 1945 after American bombers dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Hundreds of thousands of people were killed or seriously injured in the process.

Many millions of victims

In total, over 60 million people were killed in World War II. Most of the victims were in the Soviet Union, where 27 million people were killed. More than six million Jews were murdered by the Germans. Sinti and Roma and other minorities were persecuted and killed.

Post-war order
After the end of the war, Germany was initially occupied by the troops of the victorious powers of the Soviet Union, Great Britain, the USA and France. Then the country was divided into the Federal Republic of Germany and the GDR. One consequence of the war was the division of Europe into two power blocs. The communist states in Eastern Europe, which were under the rule of the Soviet Union, were called the "Eastern Bloc". The leading power of the western democracies was the USA. This post-war order only came to an end in 1990 with the collapse of the Soviet Union and the communist system in Eastern Europe.

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