What is the story of Chicago

History of chicago

One of the most important cities in the USA is Chicago. If you want to visit Chicago, you should familiarize yourself with the history of Chicago beforehand. The city originated in an area that used to grow onions. However, the onions were not specifically grown, they were wild field onions. At first the area was settled by Indians.

Chicago has a beautiful location on Michigan lake. Much of the lake shore is in Chicago. Lake Michigan is closely linked to the history of Chicago. Because the lake contaminated over time and various dangerous diseases developed in the city, the Chicago River had to be diverted.

Chicago has become third largest city in the US developed. It’s still a fairly young city because the Chicago's history doesn't begin until the 1770s.

1770s: The first settlement

The name Chicago means "Place where onions grow", "Wild onion" or "skunk". This name is closely linked to the past of the third largest metropolis in the USA. The name of the city comes from the language of the Potawatomi Indians.

The Indians gave the area its name because stinking field onions grew there.

The basis for the first settlement was through a Expedition in 1673 created as the French Jolliet and Marquette came to this area. Francois Pinet had already founded a mission in 1669, but gave it up again in 1700.

At that time they lived in Potawatomi Indians the area. In the 1770s the first non-Indian settlers to the Chicago River to settle there. The first settler was Jean Baptiste Point du Sable, a Haitian with African roots.

You built Sable 1779 his first trading post on the north shore of Lake Michigan. The convenient location ensured that trade could flourish in the following years.

To protect the trading post, Fort Dearborn became one in 1803 Army fortification on the bank of the Chicago River. The fort became a theater of war in the war against the English from 1812 to 1815.

It is a sad day in Chicago history Fort Dearborn massacre, in which the Potawatomi killed 52 American settlers. The Potawatomi were associated with the English. The fort was completely destroyed. Most of the Potawatomi was evicted from the areawhen the US soldiers returned. Since that time, the tribal structures of the Indians had largely been smashed. The Indians could never settle in this area again.

The Trading Post on the Chicago River developed into most important transshipment point for raw materials in this area. Hence more and more settlers came. A village emerged from the trading post.

City foundation, construction, destruction and reconstruction

Chicago was officially founded on August 12, 1833. At that time there were around 350 people living in the village. The attractive economic conditions led to considerable population growth. In the following years the population grew to more than 4,000 inhabitants.

Received city rights Chicago March 4th 1837. The city experienced a considerable economic boom. The waterways could be expanded. The Illinois Michigan Canal has been 1848 opened. From then on, it made it possible to transport goods from the Great Lakes via the city and the Mississippi, down to the Gulf of Mexico.

A connection from Chicago with the railroad took place in 1848. Chicago could quickly become the major transportation hub in the US develop. The whole country could be supplied with goods and raw materials from there.

Chicago experienced a uninterrupted population growth. As early as 1857, the city had more than 90,000 inhabitants. The residents included many Europeans, the majority of whom were Irish and Germans.

The Great Chicago Fire

The Great Chicago Fire, the great Chicago fire, broke out on October 8th 1871 and went down in Chicago history. Since the city was mainly built of wood, most of the city fell victim to the flames. The fire left over 100,000 people homeless and 300 people died. The fire is estimated to have destroyed around 18,000 buildings.

Architects could use the New building the completely devastated Chicago to exploit many new opportunities. The new city grew tall and was built of stone. Already originated then Residential buildings with up to 18 floors. They had massive Steel frame structures and formed the basis for the modern skyscrapers that have made other American cities famous.

In the area of modern architecture takes Chicago is still a pioneer today a. The city was able to recover quickly from the fire. Nice 1880 the population grew again to more than 500,000 inhabitants. The population doubled to one million in just ten years.

At the end of the 19th century led the economic boom and the related advancing industrialization to social problems. The history of Chicago is largely shaped by the industrial workforce. She was largely impoverished and campaigned for social rights. The workers went on strike on May 1, 1886 to reduce the daily working hours from originally twelve to just eight hours. The protests were called Haymarket Riots designated. The police had to take tough action. This event was the starting point that made May 1st the international day of struggle for workers.

Chicago became in the last few years of the 19th century of further Labor unrest embossed. It became a center of the labor movement.

The World's Fair that took place in Chicago in 1893 had a major influence on architecture.

Chicago in the 20th century

Chicago was close to the turn of the century 1.7 million inhabitants. Due to the numerous industrial complexes and the rapidly growing population, the Lake Michigan heavily polluted. Tunnels were dug to fresh water sources. A Sewer system complex was built. Reversing the direction of flow of the Chicago River was a masterpiece at the time.

Dilapidated workers' settlements for the large number of workers as well as large Slaughterhouses shaped the image of the city in the first half of the 20th century.

From the southern states migrated to the First World War numerous black workers as cheap labor. They worked in the slaughterhouses and lived on the South Side, which shaped them decisively.

Chicago had one because of the German and Irish immigrants distinct beer and whiskey culture. The alcohol ban was therefore hardly observed. Illegal business was tolerated.

City of gangsters

Chicago was used during Prohibition from 1920 to 1935 City of gangsters. Alcohol smuggling has become a lucrative source of income for corrupt politicians, criminal gangs and black marketeers. Hundreds of dead were due Shootings by rival gangs required. Chicago gained notoriety in organized crime in the 1920s because of Al Capone. In the course of the gang war between criminal gangs it came on February 14, 1929 to Valentine's Day massacre. A gang of five, disguised as police officers, shot members of another gang.

Al Capone controlled the Chicago underworld and was able to amass wealth. He's even listed in the Guinness Book of Records for his achievements. No private citizen could not achieve as much wealth in a single year as Al Capone in 1927. Even then, he was earning $ 105 million.

The effects of the great depression made themselves felt in Chicago in the 1930s. Many companies went bankrupt and there were mass layoffs. This led to increased social tensions.

Mayor Richard J. Daley

His previous one Maximum population level reached Chicago 1950. The city counted more than 3.6 million inhabitants making it the most populous city in the United States. Suburbs emerged as large parts of the middle class migrated.

Richard J. Daley, called "DaBoss", became mayor in 1955 and ruled with a hard hand until 1976. He left social protests with him armed force suppress.

Lots New construction and restructuring measures took place under his leadership. Some traditional neighborhoods had to give way.

Social housing and road construction projects sealed off the districts inhabited by different ethnic groups. The result was social separation. The consequences of this policy can still be felt today.

Chicago was in the 1960s and 1970s The scene of protests by black civil rights activists. Jesse Jackson and Martin Luther King played an important role.

Chicago continued to grow in the 1990s. Residents from Asia and Latin America in particular contributed to this development. today has Chicago more than 2.7 million inhabitants.

Chicago plays an important role in jazz. The city developed into a jazz metropolis from 1922.