Could Joe Biden run as an independent
"Only answer": Biden is pushing for a two-state solution in the Middle East conflict
Washington - According to US President Joe Biden, the Middle East conflict can only be pacified through a two-state solution, i.e. an independent Palestine alongside Israel. "That is the only answer, the only answer," stressed Biden on Friday (local time) in the White House. Meanwhile, further talks are ongoing in the Middle East to consolidate the ceasefire between Israel and radical Palestinians.
The discussions with Egyptian mediation continued on Saturday, said representatives of the radical Islamic Hamas. The Egyptian delegation has been in action since Friday. She commutes back and forth between Israel and the Gaza Strip. The talks are also about aid for the Palestinians in the Gaza Strip. After eleven days of mutual shelling between Israel and Hamas in the Gaza Strip, an agreed ceasefire came into effect on Friday night. This also continued on Saturday.
In order to stabilize the ceasefire, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken wants to travel to the crisis region. He is expected on Wednesday and Thursday in Israel and by the Palestinian Authority in the Israeli-occupied West Bank, a person familiar with the plans said.
The EU also wants a two-state solution
Like Biden, the European Union again spoke out in favor of two states. "The restoration of a political horizon for a two-state solution remains of the utmost importance," said its foreign affairs representative Josep Borrell. The Austrian Greens propose a six-point plan for the Middle East. According to the party's presentation, Austria should use its diplomatic forces at all levels in cooperation and coordination with the EU to improve Israeli-Jordanian relations and to open up prospects for a peaceful future in the region.
Biden stressed that Hamas is a terrorist organization. Nevertheless, for the sake of the civilian population, the US is determined to support the reconstruction in the Gaza Strip through the Palestinian Authority with a "major aid package". At the same time, he emphasized that a lasting peace would only be possible as soon as all actors in the region "recognize Israel's right to exist as an independent Jewish state".
Hamas rejects this, so to speak, it is the trademark of the organization classified by the USA and the EU as a terrorist organization to demand the destruction of Israel. And the armed conflict that has just ended has actually strengthened Hamas in the inner-Palestinian struggle with the Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, who is ready to negotiate, in the West Bank. He had formally postponed the first parliamentary election in the Palestinian Territories in 15 years, which was actually planned for Saturday, at the end of April due to disputes over voting in Jerusalem. However, critics accused him of trying to prevent Hamas from winning.
Aimed at two-state solution since the 1970s
But Israel's settlement policy in the occupied West Bank and in East Jerusalem, where Abbas believes a Palestinian state should be created, makes a two-state solution, which has been sought since the mid-1970s, more and more difficult.
Pope Francis welcomed the truce. "I thank God for the decision to stop the armed fighting, and I hope that the paths of dialogue and peace will be followed," said the head of the Catholic Church on Friday, according to the Ansa news agency in the Vatican.
Again clashes on Temple Mount
How precarious the situation still is was shown on Friday by new clashes on the Temple Mount (Al-Haram al-Sharif) in Jerusalem between Palestinians and the Israeli police. According to Palestinian rescue workers, 15 people were treated after police used rubber bullets, among other things. According to the police, stones and an incendiary device had previously been thrown from a crowd of hundreds of young people.
Hamas used such clashes as an opportunity to fire rockets in the direction of Jerusalem on May 10th. As a result, Israel began massive bombing of the Gaza Strip. According to official figures, at least 248 people were killed and 1,910 injured in the conflict in the Gaza Strip. Twelve people died in Israel and more than 300 were injured. (APA, May 22, 2021)
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